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The four unions "PIE" on the Monetary Union "CHERRY": a new index of European Institutional Integration

Author

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  • Dorrucci, Ettore
  • Mongelli, Francesco Paolo
  • Ioannou, Demosthenes
  • Terzi, Alessio

Abstract

This paper presents a European Index of Regional Institutional Integration (EURII), which maps developments in European integration from 1958 to 2014 on the basis of a monthly dataset. EURII captures what we call: (i) the “Common Market Era”, which lasted from 1958 until 1993; and (ii) the first twenty years of the “Union Era” that started in 1994, but gained new impetus in response to the euro area crisis. The paper complements the economic narratives of the crisis with an institutional approach highlighting the remedies to the flaws in the initial design of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). In fact, since 2010, EMU’s institutional framework has been substantially reformed. While work on EMU’s new governance is still in progress, the broad contours of a “genuine union” have been outlined in the Four Presidents’ Report of December 2012. The report envisages a more effective economic union, a fiscal union, a financial union, and a commensurate political union. The aim of the EURII index is threefold: (i) to provide a tool to synthesise and monitor the process of European institutional integration since 1958 and, in particular, track institutional reforms since 2010; (ii) to expand a previous integration index by showing that monetary unification – which was initially understood as “the cherry on the Internal Market pie” – implied a major discontinuity in the process and nature of European integration, that is, a new “pie on the cherry”; and (iii) to offer a tool for further research, policy analysis and communication. JEL Classification: F33, F42, N24

Suggested Citation

  • Dorrucci, Ettore & Mongelli, Francesco Paolo & Ioannou, Demosthenes & Terzi, Alessio, 2015. "The four unions "PIE" on the Monetary Union "CHERRY": a new index of European Institutional Integration," Occasional Paper Series 160, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbops:2015160
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    File URL: https://www.ecb.europa.eu//pub/pdf/scpops/ecbop160.en.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Dorrucci, Ettore & Firpo, Stefano & Mongelli, Francesco Paolo & Fratzscher, Marcel, 2002. "European integration: what lessons for other regions? The case of Latin America," Working Paper Series 0185, European Central Bank.
    2. Michela Nardo & Michaela Saisana & Andrea Saltelli & Stefano Tarantola & Anders Hoffman & Enrico Giovannini, 2005. "Handbook on Constructing Composite Indicators: Methodology and User Guide," OECD Statistics Working Papers 2005/3, OECD Publishing.
    3. Drudi, Francesco & Durré, Alain & Mongelli, Francesco Paolo, 2012. "The interplay of economic reforms and monetary policy: the case of the euro area," Working Paper Series 1467, European Central Bank.
    4. Francesco Drudi & Alain Durré & Francesco Paolo Mongelli, 2012. "The Interplay of Economic Reforms and Monetary Policy: The Case of the Eurozone," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(6), pages 881-898, November.
    5. Francesco Paolo Mongelli & Ettore Dorrucci & Itai Agur, 2005. "What does European institutional integration tell us about trade integration?," Occasional Paper Series 40, European Central Bank.
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    Cited by:

    1. Rutger Teulings, 2017. "Brexit and The Impact of Gradual Economic Integration on Export," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 17-075/VI, Tinbergen Institute.
    2. Mongelli, Francesco Paolo & Reinhold, Elisa & Papadopoulos, Georgios, 2016. "What's so special about specialization in the euro area?," Occasional Paper Series 168, European Central Bank.
    3. Cal Le Gall & Corentin Poyet, 2017. "The effect of supranational economic constraints on MPs issue attention: the case of France," Post-Print hal-01542581, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic and Monetary Integration; euro; Financial Deepening and Integration; Four Presidents' Report; Institutions and Governance; Optimum Currency Area; Sovereign Crisis;

    JEL classification:

    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission
    • N24 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - Europe: 1913-

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