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Messung ökonomischer Integration in der Europäischen Union: Entwicklung eines EU-Integrationsindexes

Author

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  • König, Jörg
  • Ohr, Renate

Abstract

Der Begriff der europäischen Integration findet in wissenschaftlichen Beiträgen und politi-schen Debatten zwar große Verwendung, eine einheitliche Definition existiert jedoch nicht. Hierdurch sind Integrationsschritte oder -prozesse kaum quantifizierbar. Auch wird selten darauf eingegangen, dass die Integration mit den Partnerländern der Gemeinschaft in den ein-zelnen EU-Mitgliedsländern unterschiedlich stark ist. Im vorliegenden Beitrag wird daher ein Integrationsindex vorgestellt, der den Integrationsgrad der einzelnen Mitgliedstaaten mit den übrigen EU-Partnern bestimmt und auch seine Veränderungen im Zeitverlauf abbilden kann. Dazu wird ein komplexer Indikator entwickelt, der die vielfältigen Integrationsbeziehungen auf unterschiedlichen Märkten und im Hinblick auf unterschiedliche ökonomische Zielgrößen erfasst. Der Gesamtindex beinhaltet verschiedene Subindizes, die einzelne Integrationsberei-che abbilden. Besonderer Wert wird dabei auf eine adäquate und sachgerechte Gewichtung der 25 einzelnen Indikatoren innerhalb des Gesamtindexes gelegt, die mit Hilfe einer diffe-renzierten Hauptkomponentenanalyse erfolgt. Es wird deutlich, dass die einzelnen Staaten tatsächlich sehr unterschiedlich stark integriert sind, aber dass sich im Zeitablauf der letzten zwölf Jahre eine positive Verstärkung der Integration bei fast allen ergeben hat. Bei den Sub-indizes zeigt sich, dass die Rangordnung der EU-Staaten hinsichtlich ihrer Integrationstiefe zwischen den einzelnen Integrationsbereichen stark divergiert.

Suggested Citation

  • König, Jörg & Ohr, Renate, 2012. "Messung ökonomischer Integration in der Europäischen Union: Entwicklung eines EU-Integrationsindexes," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 135, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:cegedp:135
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Sybille Luhmann, 2017. "A Multi-Level Approach to European Identity: Does Integration Foster Identity?," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(6), pages 1360-1379, November.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    European Union; Regional economic integration; multivariate analysis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C43 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Index Numbers and Aggregation
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F55 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Institutional Arrangements

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