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Poverty, Fertility Preferences and Family Planning Practice in the Philippines


  • Aniceto C. Orbeta Jr.



This paper looks at the interaction of poverty, fertility preferences and family planning practice in the Philippines using the series of nationally representative Family Planning Surveys conducted annually since 1999 augmented by census and other survey data. Its contribution lies on providing recent and nationally representative empirical evidence on the long running but largely unresolved debate in the country on the relationship between fertility preferences and family planning and socioeconomic status. A detailed characterization of the relationships was done using cross tabulation analyses. In addition, and more importantly, a recursive qualitative response model was estimated to identify the determinants of fertility preferences and family planning practice across socioeconomic groupings. The paper show that while the number of children ever born is indeed larger among poorer households, their demand for additional children is lower and their contraceptive practice poorer. This result indicates that, in the case of the Philippines, the larger number of children among the poor is more the result of poorer contractive practice rather than higher demand.

Suggested Citation

  • Aniceto C. Orbeta Jr., 2005. "Poverty, Fertility Preferences and Family Planning Practice in the Philippines," Development Economics Working Papers 22668, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eab:develo:22668

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Aniceto C. Orbeta, 2006. "Poverty, Vulnerability and Family Size: Evidence from the Philippines," Chapters,in: Poverty Strategies in Asia, chapter 6 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    2. Becker, Gary S & Tomes, Nigel, 1976. "Child Endowments and the Quantity and Quality of Children," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 84(4), pages 143-162, August.
    3. Ruperto P. Alonzo, et al, 2004. "Population and Poverty : The Real Score," UP School of Economics Discussion Papers 200415, University of the Philippines School of Economics.
    4. Orbeta, Aniceto Jr. C., 2002. "Population and Poverty: A Review of the Links, Evidence and Implications for the Philippines," Discussion Papers DP 2002-21, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    5. Reyes, Celia M., 2002. "The Poverty Fight: Have We Made an Impact?," Discussion Papers DP 2002-20, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    6. Orbeta, Aniceto Jr. C. & Cuenca, Janet S. & del Prado, Fatima & Acejo, Iris L., 2003. "Family Planning and Maternal and Child Health Outcomes, Utilization and Access to Services by Asset Quintile: New Evidence from the FPS and MCHS," Discussion Papers DP 2003-14, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    7. Rivers, Douglas & Vuong, Quang H., 1988. "Limited information estimators and exogeneity tests for simultaneous probit models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 347-366, November.
    8. David E. Sahn & David Stifel, 2003. "Exploring Alternative Measures of Welfare in the Absence of Expenditure Data," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 49(4), pages 463-489, December.
    9. repec:phd:dpaper:pn_2004-12 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Kenneth Bollen & David Guilkey & Thomas Mroz, 1995. "Binary outcomes and endogenous explanatory variables: Tests and solutions with an application to the demand for contraceptive use in tunisia," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 32(1), pages 111-131, February.
    11. Gary S. Becker, 1960. "An Economic Analysis of Fertility," NBER Chapters,in: Demographic and Economic Change in Developed Countries, pages 209-240 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. Christelle Dumas & Arnaud Lefranc, 2016. ""Sex in marriage is a divine gift": For whom ? Evidence from the Manila contraceptive ban," Post-Print hal-00867874, HAL.
    2. Christelle DUMAS & Arnaud LEFRANC, 2013. ""Sex in Marriage is a Divine Gift": For whom ? Evidence from the Manila contraceptive ban," THEMA Working Papers 2013-22, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
    3. Carrasco, Marine & Kotchoni, Rachidi, 2017. "Efficient Estimation Using The Characteristic Function," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, pages 479-526.

    More about this item


    Fertility Preferences; Family Planning; socioeconomic status; Philippines;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J10 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - General
    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General


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