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Decentralized versus Statistical Targeting of Anti-Poverty Programs: Evidence from Burkina Faso

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  • Schleicher, Michael
  • Souares, Aurélia
  • Pacere, Athanase Narangoro
  • Sauerborn, Rainer
  • Klonner, Stefan

Abstract

Targeting of national anti-poverty programs in low-income countries commonly relies on statistical procedures involving household-level survey data, while small-scale poverty-alleviation programs often employ so-called community-based targeting, where village communities themselves identify program beneficiaries. Combining data from community-based targeting exercises in north-western Burkina Faso with household-level survey data, we compare the targeting accuracy of community-based targeting with several statistical procedures when the program's purpose is to target consumption-poor households. We find that the community-based assessment targets a similar share of consumption-poor households as the best-performing statistical procedures which are not calibrated with household-level consumption data. Community-based targeting performs relatively better in urban than in rural areas and is not at a disadvantage in larger or more heterogeneous communities. In a cost-benefit analysis we find that in our sub-Saharan African context community-based targeting is far more cost-effective than any statistical procedure for common amounts of welfare program benefits.

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  • Schleicher, Michael & Souares, Aurélia & Pacere, Athanase Narangoro & Sauerborn, Rainer & Klonner, Stefan, 2016. "Decentralized versus Statistical Targeting of Anti-Poverty Programs: Evidence from Burkina Faso," Working Papers 0623, University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:awi:wpaper:0623
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    Cited by:

    1. Schleicher, Michael & Klonner, Stefan & Sauerborn, Rainer & Sié, Alie & Souares, Aurélia, 2018. "The Demand for Health Insurance in a Poor Economy: Evidence from Burkina Faso," Working Papers 0648, University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics.

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    Keywords

    Targeting; Community-based Targeting; Welfare Programs; Poverty; Community Wealth Rankings; Proxy-means Testing;

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