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Gender-based Indicators in Human Development - Correcting for ‘Missing Women’

Author

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  • Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan

    (Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research)

Abstract

Gender Development Index and Gender Empowerment Measure are two gender-based indicators provided by the United Nations Development Program. Population share of the genders enter the formulation of these indicators in such a way that it favours the better performing gender. This can lead to further additions to missing women. A correction is proposed to capture this anomaly. This alternative satisfies an axiom of Monotonicity with its two corollaries, that is, given attainments the measure maximizes at ideal sex ratio and vanishes when one of the genders becomes extinct. An empirical illustration by taking life expectancy data of countries is given.

Suggested Citation

  • Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan, 2008. "Gender-based Indicators in Human Development - Correcting for ‘Missing Women’," Development Economics Working Papers 22355, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eab:develo:22355
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    File URL: http://www.eaber.org/node/22355
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Stephan Klasen & Claudia Wink, 2003. ""Missing Women": Revisiting The Debate," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, pages 263-299.
    2. Waldron, Ingrid, 1993. "Recent trends in sex mortality ratios for adults in developed countries," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, pages 451-462.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ideality; Extinction; index; Inequality; Sex-ratio;

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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