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Education, Industrial Development and Foreign Trade in Argentina: Econometric Models and International Comparisons

  • Guisan, M.Carmen

    ()

  • Martinez, C.

Economic policies in Argentina, during the last decades of the 20th century, have been generally focused more on monetary policies than on other questions really more related with economic development, such as expenditure on education and sustained industrial development, which unfortunately have not received enough attention. In this paper, we compare the economic development of Argentina with that of the OECD countries and Latin America, and we estimate some econometric models to relate education and foreign trade with industrial and non-industrial real Gross Domestic Product per inhabitant in Argentina during the period 1960-2000. These models show the important positive impact that human capital and industrial investment have on the development of Argentina. We suggest some changes in the economic policies priorities, for the first decade of the 21st century, in order to focus more on education and industrial development, learning from the best lessons of Ireland and other countries, to get fast increases of real Gdp per inhabitant, eradicate poverty and improve socio-economic well-being.

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Paper provided by University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business. Econometrics. in its series Economic Development with number 67.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:eaa:ecodev:67
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  1. Donald J. Robbins, 1999. "Gender, Human Capital and Growth: Evidence from Six Latin American Countries," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 151, OECD Publishing.
  2. Lawrence F. Katz & Claudia Goldin, 2001. "The Legacy of U.S. Educational Leadership: Notes on Distribution and Economic Growth in the 20th Century," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(2), pages 18-23, May.
  3. Gerardo della Paolera & Alan M. Taylor, 2000. "Economic Recovery from the Argentine Great Depression: Institutions, Expectations, and the Change of Macroeconomic Regime," NBER Working Papers 6767, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Pereira, Luiz Carlos Bresser, 2000. "Incompetence and Confidence Building Behind Latin America S 20 Years Old Quasi-Stagnation," Textos para discussão 90, Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  5. Jonathan Temple, 1999. "The New Growth Evidence," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(1), pages 112-156, March.
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