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A Noncausal Autoregressive Model with Time-Varying Parameters: An Application to U.S. Inflation

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Listed:
  • Markku Lanne
  • Jani Luoto

Abstract

We propose a noncausal autoregressive model with time-varying parameters, and apply it to U.S. postwar inflation. The model .fits the data well, and the results suggest that inflation persistence follows from future expectations. Persistence has declined in the early 1980.s and slightly increased again in the late 1990.s. Estimates of the new Keynesian Phillips curve indicate that current inflation also depends on past inflation although future expectations dominate. The implied trend inflation estimate evolves smoothly and is well aligned with survey expectations. There is evidence in favor of the variation of trend inflation following from the underlying marginal cost that drives inflation.

Suggested Citation

  • Markku Lanne & Jani Luoto, 2013. "A Noncausal Autoregressive Model with Time-Varying Parameters: An Application to U.S. Inflation," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1285, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp1285
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    File URL: http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.417800.de/dp1285.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Sahuc, Jean-Guillaume, 2006. "Partial indexation, trend inflation, and the hybrid Phillips curve," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 90(1), pages 42-50, January.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation

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