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Betreuung von Schulkindern: ein weiterer Schlüssel zur Aktivierung ungenutzter Arbeitskräftepotenziale?

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  • Verena Tobsch

Abstract

Wenn es um die Frage der Vereinbarkeit von Familie und Beruf geht, wird meist die Betreuungsproblematik von erwerbswilligen und erwerbstätigen Müttern mit Kleinkindern betrachtet. Diese Analysen zeigen jedoch, dass ein Ausbau der Betreuung von Schulkindern in Deutschland ähnliche Effekte erzielen kann wie die vielfach diskutierte und anlysierte Wirkung der Kleinkindbetreuung. Auf Basis der Daten des sozio-ökonomischen Panel (SOEP) aus dem Jahr 2009 lässt sich inWestdeutschland ein Beschäftigungszuwachs von etwa fünf Prozent nachweisen. Für erwerbstätige Mütter ergibt sich zusätzlich eine Ausweitung des geleisteten Arbeitsvolumens um knapp zehn Prozent. Damit wäre das Arbeitskräftepotenzial - gemessen an den Erwerbswünschen - in Westdeutschland noch nicht ausgeschöpt. Für Ostdeutschland hingegen sind die Effekte deutlich geringer und statistisch nicht signifikant nachweisbar.

Suggested Citation

  • Verena Tobsch, 2013. "Betreuung von Schulkindern: ein weiterer Schlüssel zur Aktivierung ungenutzter Arbeitskräftepotenziale?," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 573, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp573
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    labour supply; work life balance; child care;

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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