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La convergence des systèmes nationaux de gouvernance:une perspective contingente

  • Gérard Charreaux

    ()

    (Université de Bourgogne)

L’hypothèse de convergence des systèmes nationaux de gouvernance a, le plus souvent, pour fondement l’accroissement de la pression concurrentielle associé au processus de mondialisation. Elle est souvent considérée comme corroborée au vu de l’évolution des systèmes de gouvernance. Un questionnement critique conduit cependant à montrer que la réponse est loin d’être triviale en raison des nombreuses hypothèses implicites souvent contestables qui sous-tendent les travaux les plus courants. Premièrement, pour évaluer la convergence de SNG, il faut préalablement poser une hypothèse sur les fonctions et les formes de ces systèmes, or la littérature montre que les positions varient sensiblement et qu’elles conditionnent les réponses. Deuxièmement, la formulation même de l’hypothèse laisse entendre qu’il est possible de définir un seul système de gouvernance pour l’ensemble des entreprises d’une nation, or, on se préoccupe presqu’exclusivement des grandes entreprises cotées qui, paradoxalement, sont souvent des multinationales. Troisièmement, l’argumentation habituellement retenue laisse supposer que la mondialisation provoquerait nécessairement une homogénéisation induisant l’établissement d’un modèle unique censé être optimal.

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Paper provided by Université de Bourgogne - CREGO EA7317 Centre de recherches en gestion des organisations in its series Working Papers CREGO with number 1090701.

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Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dij:wpfarg:1090701
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  1. Gérard Charreaux, 1996. "Vers une théorie du gouvernement des entreprises," Working Papers CREGO 0960501, Université de Bourgogne - CREGO EA7317 Centre de recherches en gestion des organisations.
  2. Clifford G. Holderness, 2009. "The Myth of Diffuse Ownership in the United States," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 22(4), pages 1377-1408, April.
  3. Gérard Charreaux, 1991. "Structure de propriété, relation d'agence et performance financière," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 42(3), pages 521-552.
  4. Katharina Pistor & Martin Raiser & Stanislaw Gelfer, 2000. "Law and Finance in Transition Economies," CID Working Papers 49, Center for International Development at Harvard University.
  5. Peter Wirtz, 2004. "«Meilleures pratiques» de gouvernance, théorie de la firme et modèles de création de valeur: Une appréciation critique des codes de bonne conduite," Working Papers CREGO 1040401, Université de Bourgogne - CREGO EA7317 Centre de recherches en gestion des organisations.
  6. Katharina Pistor & Martin Raiser & Stanislaw Gelfer, 2000. "Law and Finance in Transition Economies," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 8(2), pages 325-368, July.
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