Leaving Home Ain't Easy. A comparative longitudinal analysis of ECHP data
We use three waves of the European Community Household Panel (ECHP) to analyse the impact of employment, earnings, household income, and welfare on young adults’ decision to leave the parental home. In particular we investigate the importance of these income sources in different welfare settings. We use a simultaneous equation approach to control for unobserved heterogeneity. This is important given that the ECHP does not include retrospective information on demographic events. We find employment and income to be very important factors in the decisions of young adults in the Southern European Welfare State to leave home. For the Continental European Welfare state the results are more mixed. Employment and income are still important factors, but the effects are less clear and there are significant variations. In the Scandinavian Social Democratic Welfare State, the effect of employment and income appears negligible. The effect is also modest in the UK (the Liberal Market State), a finding we attribute to the educational system.
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