On the Particle Gibbs Sampler
The particle Gibbs sampler is a Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm which operates on the extended space of the auxiliary variables generated by an interacting particle system. In particular, it samples the discrete variables that determine the particle genealogy. We propose a coupling construction between two particle Gibbs updates from different starting points, which is such that the coupling probability may be made arbitrary large by taking the particle system large enough. A direct consequence of this result is the uniform ergodicity of the Particle Gibbs Markov kernel. We discuss several algorithmic variations of Particle Gibbs, either proposed in the literature or original. For some of these variants we are able to prove that they dominate the original algorithm in asymptotic efficiency as measured by the variance of the central limit theorem's limiting distribution. A detailed numerical study is provided to demonstrate the efficacy of Particle Gibbs and the proposed variants
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- Christophe Andrieu & Arnaud Doucet & Roman Holenstein, 2010. "Particle Markov chain Monte Carlo methods," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 72(3), pages 269-342.
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- Pitt, Michael K. & Silva, Ralph dos Santos & Giordani, Paolo & Kohn, Robert, 2012. "On some properties of Markov chain Monte Carlo simulation methods based on the particle filter," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 171(2), pages 134-151.
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