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Assurance chômage et sociétés

Dans ce texte, nous nous penchons sur la question du chômage et de sa provenance. Notre réflexion nous amène à considérer le chômage essentiellement comme l'effet de l'adaptation de comportements individuels à une série de règles sociales. Une assurance chômage peut s'avérer utile, encore faut-il qu'elle soit choisie en tenant compte des effets dissuasifs qu'elle aura sur l'emploi. Nous faisons état d'une série d'outils de plus en plus raffinés pour déterminer une assurance chômage optimale, étant entendu que celle-ci variera d'une société à l'autre. In this paper, we make an attempt at understanding unemployment and some of its many origins. Our inquiry leads us to view unemployment essentially as a perverse effect of social rules on individual behaviors. An unemployment insurance program may be socially desirable, yet its optimal level of generosity ought to be incentive compatible. We provide a series of tools, which may be used to determine the optimal unemployment insurance package of various societies.

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Paper provided by Université du Québec à Montréal, Département des sciences économiques in its series Cahiers de recherche du Département des sciences économiques, UQAM with number 9904.

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Length: 17
Date of creation: Apr 1999
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in: Finances publiques, Finances privées, Bernard Jurion et Pierre Pestieau (éds.), Éditions de l'Université de Liège, 123-141, 2000.
Handle: RePEc:cre:uqamwp:9904
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  19. Davidson, Carl & Woodbury, Stephen A., 1997. "Optimal unemployment insurance," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(3), pages 359-387, June.
  20. Hassler, John & Rodriguez Mora, Jose V., 1999. "Employment turnover and the public allocation of unemployment insurance," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(1), pages 55-83, July.
  21. Stephane Pallage & Christian Zimmermann, 1998. "Voting on Unemployment Insurance Generosity," Cahiers de recherche CREFE / CREFE Working Papers 64, CREFE, Université du Québec à Montréal.
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  24. Meyer, Bruce D, 1990. "Unemployment Insurance and Unemployment Spells," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 58(4), pages 757-82, July.
  25. Andolfatto, David & Gomme, Paul, 1996. "Unemployment insurance and labor-market activity in Canada," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 47-82, June.
  26. Shaked, Avner & Sutton, John, 1984. "Involuntary Unemployment as a Perfect Equilibrium in a Bargaining Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(6), pages 1351-64, November.
  27. James Costain, 1997. "Unemployment insurance with endogenous search intensity and precautionary saving," Economics Working Papers 243, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  28. Marceau, Nicolas & Boadway, Robin, 1994. " Minimum Wage Legislation and Unemployment Insurance as Instruments for Redistribution," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 96(1), pages 67-81.
  29. Nickell, S J, 1979. "The Effect of Unemployment and Related Benefits on the Duration of Unemployment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 89(353), pages 34-49, March.
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  32. Pallage, Stephane & Zimmermann, Christian, 2001. "Voting on Unemployment Insurance," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 42(4), pages 903-23, November.
  33. Bruce D. Meyer, 1995. "Lessons from the U.S. Unemployment Insurance Experiments," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 33(1), pages 91-131, March.
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