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Entrepreneurship, Asymmetric Information and Unemployment

We examine how three sources of asymmetric information affect the supply of entrepreneurs and unemployment. In the first case, banks cannot observe entrepreneurs' risk of failure so ration credit. This increases the number of entrepreneurs and the level of unemployment. In the second case, firms cannot observe workers' effort so offer a wage above the market clearing one. This results in unemployment and too few entrepreneurs. The final case arises when firms cannot observe workers' abilities. A pooling wage is offered and results in too many entrepreneurs. The role of government in restoring efficiency is explored Dans ce texte, nous étudions l'impact de trois formes d'asymétrie d'information sur l'entrepreneurship et le chômage. Dans le premier cas, les banques ne peuvent observer la probabilité qu'un entrepreneur fasse faillite, ce qui les conduit à restreindre l'accès au crédit. Cela cause un accroissement du nombre d'entrepreneurs et du chômage. Dans un deuxième cas, les firmes ne peuvent observer l'effort de leurs travailleurs et offrent alors un salaire d'efficience. D'un tel salaire résulte du chômage et un trop petit nombre d'entrepreneurs. Dans le dernier cas, les firmes ne peuvent observer l'habileté de leurs travailleurs. Un même salaire est alors offert à tous les travailleurs, ce qui conduit à un trop grand npmbre d'entrepreneurs. Nous étudions les formes d'intervention gouvernementale permettant d'accroître l'efficacité.

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Paper provided by CREFE, Université du Québec à Montréal in its series Cahiers de recherche CREFE / CREFE Working Papers with number 57.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: Jan 1998
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cre:crefwp:57
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  1. Stiglitz, Joseph E & Weiss, Andrew, 1981. "Credit Rationing in Markets with Imperfect Information," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(3), pages 393-410, June.
  2. Boadway, Robin & Marchand, Maurice & Pestieau, Pierre, 1991. "Optimal linear income taxation in models with occupational choice," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 133-162, November.
  3. Aghion, Philippe & Howitt, Peter, 1994. "Growth and Unemployment," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(3), pages 477-94, July.
  4. Marc Cowling & Mark Taylor & Peter Mitchell, 2004. "Job Creators," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 72(5), pages 601-617, 09.
  5. David Besanko & Anjan V. Thakor, 2004. "Competitive Equilibrium in the Credit Market under Asymmetric Information," Finance 0411045, EconWPA.
  6. Richard Arnott & Joseph Stiglitz, 1991. "Equilibrium in Competitive Insurance Markets with Moral Hazard," NBER Working Papers 3588, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Kihlstrom, Richard E & Laffont, Jean-Jacques, 1979. "A General Equilibrium Entrepreneurial Theory of Firm Formation Based on Risk Aversion," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(4), pages 719-48, August.
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