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A Two-Country Model of Renewable Resource Sharing



In this paper, I investigate the sustainability of optimal cooperative policies for the replenishment of a renewable resource shared by two countries. If the development of these nations constitutes a threat to the common stock, under what conditions can a social best (a Pareto optimum) be sustainable? The question is addressed within a two-country neo-classical growth model with externality. In the worst scenario, the poorer country leaves the replenishment burden to the rich. International transfers are then non-existent. Nevertheless, in absence of a commitment mechanism, it is still possible to reach a social best provided the countries' patience, expressed by their discount factor, is high enough. The strategies that implement these Pareto optima are self-enforcing trigger-strategies that involve positive transfers of wealth between countries and a threat to autarky in case of defection. Sustainable Pareto optima are then identified in a specific case of environmental resource (clean air) and for a calibration of the model economies to the United States and a country five times poorer. An estimate of the transfers required to implement these social optima is provided.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephane Pallage, 1996. "A Two-Country Model of Renewable Resource Sharing," Cahiers de recherche CREFE / CREFE Working Papers 41, CREFE, Université du Québec à Montréal.
  • Handle: RePEc:cre:crefwp:41

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Pallage, Stephane & Zimmermann, Christian, 2007. "Buying out child labor," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 75-90, March.
    2. Economides, George & Miaouli, Natasha, 2006. "Federal transfers, environmental policy and economic growth," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 680-699, December.
    3. Hirazawa, Makoto & Saito, Koichi & Yakita, Akira, 2011. "Effects of international sharing of pollution abatement burdens on income inequality among countries," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(10), pages 1615-1625, October.

    More about this item


    Renewable resources; pollution; neo-classical growth model; sustainable Pareto optima;

    JEL classification:

    • D51 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Exchange and Production Economies
    • E13 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Neoclassical
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation


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