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The Impact of Creditor Protection on Stock Prices in the Presence of Credit Crunches

  • Hale, Galina B
  • Razin, Assaf
  • Tong, Hui

Data show that better creditor protection is correlated across countries with lower average stock market volatility. Moreover, countries with better creditor protection are observed to have suffered lower decline in their stock market indexes during the current financial crisis. To explain this regularity, we use a stylised Tobin-q model of investment. Our model predicts that (1) the incidence of credit crunches should be lower in countries with better creditor protection; and, {2) that the decline in the stock market index during crises should be lower in countries with better creditor protection. We find support for these mechanisms in a panel data consisting of both OECD and OECD countries. We find that countries with higher level of creditor-rights protection are less likely to experience liquidity crises, even within the subsamples of OECD and non-OECD countries. We find, however, that only in the subsample of non-OECD countries do we observe a larger decline in the stock market index for countries with low level of creditor rights protection, in the presence of credit crunches.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 7357.

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Date of creation: Jul 2009
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:7357
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  1. Sassan Alizadeh & Michael W. Brandt & Francis X. Diebold, 2001. "High- and Low-Frequency Exchange Rate Volatility Dynamics: Range-Based Estimation of Stochastic Volatility Models," NBER Working Papers 8162, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Galina Hale & Assaf Razin & Hui Tong, 2006. "Institutional Weakness and Stock Price Volatility," NBER Working Papers 12127, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  8. Arturo Galindo & Alejandro Micco, 2005. "Creditor Protection and Credit Volatility," Research Department Publications 4401, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  9. Bernanke, Ben & Gertler, Mark, 1989. "Agency Costs, Net Worth, and Business Fluctuations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(1), pages 14-31, March.
  10. Diamond, Douglas W & Dybvig, Philip H, 1983. "Bank Runs, Deposit Insurance, and Liquidity," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 91(3), pages 401-19, June.
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