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Cultura de uso y explotación económica de las playas en cartagena de indias

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  • Martha Yánez Contreras

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  • Alberto Ordóñez Flórez
  • Luis Suarez Ávila

Abstract

El objetivo del presente artículo es mostrar la caracterización en términos socioeconómicos de la población de trabajadores estacionarios informales ubicados en las playas de Cartagena de indias, y determinar la influencia de elementos de percepción institucional y cultural como el reconocimiento de las autoridades competentes y el desarrollo de mecanismo de pseudo propiedad sobre las prácticas de explotación económica de este espacio. Para ello se utilizan los resultados de una encuesta aplicada a los vendedores estacionarios informales, ubicados en las playas de los sectores de Bocagrande y Laguito en Cartagena.Efectuando un diseño por cuotas se entrevistaron 85 vendedores estacionarios, distribuidos en 25 vendedoras de frutas, 30 carperos y 30 vendedores en módulos. A estos se les aplicó, Como parte del trabajo de recolección de información, un formulario con una estructura que indagaba sobre aspectos económicos (ingresos, inversión, precios), sociales (educación, salud), culturales (concepciones e ideas respecto al puesto de trabajo), generales (jornada laboral) y de control institucional (carnetización, uniforme). Lainformación recolectada se procesó con el programa estadístico SPSS 15.0, para generar los cuadros de salida y relacionar las variables de interés. Se desarrolló por último un estudio de la asociación entre variables por medio de análisis de contingencia. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que la demanda inadecuada d las playas es utilizada por los vendedores como una estrategia para aumentar sus ingresos. Por otra parte se observa el desarrollo de mecanismos de privatización de este espacio por parte de los vendedores con mayor número de años explotándolo económicamente, quienes utilizan los instrumentos de regulación institucional para crear barreras a la entrada de nuevos competidores en las zona de su interés. ****** The aim of the present article is to show the socioeconomics characterization of the population of stationary informal workers located in the Cartagena´s beaches and to determinate the influence of elements of institutional and cultural perception as the recognition of the competent authorities and the development of mechanism of pseudo property on the practices of economic exploitations of this area. For that are used the results of a survey applied to the stationary informal seller, located in the beaches of Bocagrande and Laguito in Cartagena. Doing a design by quota, it was interviewed 85 stationary sellers, distributed in 25 fruits saleswoman, 30 carpers and 30 sellers in modules. For this sellers it was applied, as part of the information collection work, a form with a structure that wonders about economic aspects (income, invest, price), socials (education, health), culturals (conceptions and ideas about the job), generals (working day), and of institutional control (carnetization, uniform). The data was processed with the software SPSS 15.0, to generate the input tables and to relate the variables of interest. Finally, it was developed a study of the association between variables through the contingency analysis. The results show that the inadequate demand of the beaches is used by the seller as a strategy to increase their incomes. On the other hand, it is observed the development of privatization mechanisms of this area by the sellers with the major quantity of years exploiting it economically, who uses the instruments of institutional regulations to create entrance barriers of new competitors in the interest zones.

Suggested Citation

  • Martha Yánez Contreras & Alberto Ordóñez Flórez & Luis Suarez Ávila, 2009. "Cultura de uso y explotación económica de las playas en cartagena de indias," REVISTA PANORAMA ECONÓMICO 007082, UNIVERSIDAD DE CARTAGENA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000407:007082
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    File URL: http://revistas.unicartagena.edu.co/index.php/panoramaeconomico/article/view/366
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    Keywords

    Espacio público; Playas; vendedores informales; explotación económica; Public space; Beaches; Informal sellers; Economic exploitation.;

    JEL classification:

    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • Q21 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Demand and Supply; Prices

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