IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Cultura de uso y explotación económica de las playas en cartagena de indias

Listed author(s):
  • Martha Yánez Contreras

    ()

  • Alberto Ordóñez Flórez
  • Luis Suarez Ávila
Registered author(s):

    El objetivo del presente artículo es mostrar la caracterización en términos socioeconómicos de la población de trabajadores estacionarios informales ubicados en las playas de Cartagena de indias, y determinar la influencia de elementos de percepción institucional y cultural como el reconocimiento de las autoridades competentes y el desarrollo de mecanismo de pseudo propiedad sobre las prácticas de explotación económica de este espacio. Para ello se utilizan los resultados de una encuesta aplicada a los vendedores estacionarios informales, ubicados en las playas de los sectores de Bocagrande y Laguito en Cartagena.Efectuando un diseño por cuotas se entrevistaron 85 vendedores estacionarios, distribuidos en 25 vendedoras de frutas, 30 carperos y 30 vendedores en módulos. A estos se les aplicó, Como parte del trabajo de recolección de información, un formulario con una estructura que indagaba sobre aspectos económicos (ingresos, inversión, precios), sociales (educación, salud), culturales (concepciones e ideas respecto al puesto de trabajo), generales (jornada laboral) y de control institucional (carnetización, uniforme). Lainformación recolectada se procesó con el programa estadístico SPSS 15.0, para generar los cuadros de salida y relacionar las variables de interés. Se desarrolló por último un estudio de la asociación entre variables por medio de análisis de contingencia. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que la demanda inadecuada d las playas es utilizada por los vendedores como una estrategia para aumentar sus ingresos. Por otra parte se observa el desarrollo de mecanismos de privatización de este espacio por parte de los vendedores con mayor número de años explotándolo económicamente, quienes utilizan los instrumentos de regulación institucional para crear barreras a la entrada de nuevos competidores en las zona de su interés. ****** The aim of the present article is to show the socioeconomics characterization of the population of stationary informal workers located in the Cartagena´s beaches and to determinate the influence of elements of institutional and cultural perception as the recognition of the competent authorities and the development of mechanism of pseudo property on the practices of economic exploitations of this area. For that are used the results of a survey applied to the stationary informal seller, located in the beaches of Bocagrande and Laguito in Cartagena. Doing a design by quota, it was interviewed 85 stationary sellers, distributed in 25 fruits saleswoman, 30 carpers and 30 sellers in modules. For this sellers it was applied, as part of the information collection work, a form with a structure that wonders about economic aspects (income, invest, price), socials (education, health), culturals (conceptions and ideas about the job), generals (working day), and of institutional control (carnetization, uniform). The data was processed with the software SPSS 15.0, to generate the input tables and to relate the variables of interest. Finally, it was developed a study of the association between variables through the contingency analysis. The results show that the inadequate demand of the beaches is used by the seller as a strategy to increase their incomes. On the other hand, it is observed the development of privatization mechanisms of this area by the sellers with the major quantity of years exploiting it economically, who uses the instruments of institutional regulations to create entrance barriers of new competitors in the interest zones.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL: http://revistas.unicartagena.edu.co/index.php/panoramaeconomico/article/view/366
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE CARTAGENA in its series REVISTA PANORAMA ECONÓMICO with number 007082.

    as
    in new window

    Length: 23
    Date of creation: 14 Dec 2009
    Handle: RePEc:col:000407:007082
    Contact details of provider:

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

    as in new window
    1. Rómulo A.Chumacero & J.Rodrigo Fuentes, 2006. "Economic growth in Latin America: structural breaks or fundamentals," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 33(2 Year 20), pages 141-154, December.
    2. BUSSOLO Maurizio & LAY Jann, "undated". "Globalization and Poverty Changes in Colombia," EcoMod2003 330700029, EcoMod.
    3. Luis Eduardo Fajardo & Juan Carlos Guataquí, 2000. "La corte constitucional y la flexibilidad del mercado laboral," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 2(3), pages 80-103, July-dece.
    4. Mauricio Cardenas & Raquel Bernal, 2003. "Determinants of Labor Demand in Colombia: 1976-1996," NBER Working Papers 10077, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Juan Carlos Echeverry & Mauricio Santamaria, 2004. "The Political Economy Of Labor Reform In Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003618, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    6. Marcela Meléndez & Katja Seim & Pablo Medina, 2003. "Productivity Dynamics Of The Colombian Manufacturing Sector," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003390, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:col:000407:007082. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Revista Panorama Economico)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.