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Turismo y desarrollo económico: ¿hace el patrimonio la diferencia en el caribe?


  • Humberto Consuegra De La Ossa



El presente texto muestra un análisis comparado para cuatro países del Gran Caribe, a saber: Guatemala, Guyana, Jamaica y República Dominicana. El asunto que se aborda es la relación entre turismo y desarrollo económico, partiendo de una clasificación entre países poseedores de patrimonio según la UNESCO y países que no lo poseen. De esta forma, se comparan dos países pertenecientes al Caribe Insular (Jamaica y República Dominicana) y dos pertenecientes al Caribe continental (Guatemala y Guyana), haciendo también comparaciones agregadas entre países con patrimonio (Guatemala y República Dominicana) y países sin patrimonio (Guyana y Jamaica). A través del análisis de la literatura referente al tema del turismo, se logra una perspectiva general de la importancia del mismo en la economía actual, tanto global como del Caribe, y con el análisis de información cuantitativa se muestran las aproximaciones a indicadores de desarrollo económico para los países estudiados. ****** The present text shows a comparative analysis of four Great Caribbean’s countries, to know: Guatemala, Guyana, Jamaica and Dominican Republic. The issue treated is the relationship between tourism and economic development based in a classification of these countries like heritage owner and no-owner by UNESCO. Thus, two Caribbean state islands (Jamaica and Dominican Republic) and two Caribbean continental countries (Guatemala and Guyana) are compared; also aggregate comparisons are made among Heritage owner countries (Guatemala and Dominican Republic) and Heritage no-owner countries (Guyana and Jamaica). Through literature analysis concerning tourism, is achieved a general perspective about importance of it in actual economy, not only global but in the Caribbean, and with quantitative information analysis show approximations to economic development indicators for studied countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Humberto Consuegra De La Ossa, 2009. "Turismo y desarrollo económico: ¿hace el patrimonio la diferencia en el caribe?," REVISTA PANORAMA ECONÓMICO 007087, UNIVERSIDAD DE CARTAGENA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000407:007087

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Mauricio Cardenas & Raquel Bernal, 2004. "Determinants of Labor Demand in Colombia. 1976-1996," NBER Chapters,in: Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean, pages 229-272 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. BUSSOLO Maurizio & LAY Jann, "undated". "Globalization and Poverty Changes in Colombia," EcoMod2003 330700029, EcoMod.
    3. Rómulo A.Chumacero & J.Rodrigo Fuentes, 2006. "Economic growth in Latin America: structural breaks or fundamentals," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 33(2 Year 20), pages 141-154, December.
    4. Luis Eduardo Fajardo & Juan Carlos Guataquí, 2000. "La corte constitucional y la flexibilidad del mercado laboral," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 2(3), pages 80-103, July-dece.
    5. Marcela Meléndez & Katja Seim & Pablo Medina, 2003. "Productivity Dynamics Of The Colombian Manufacturing Sector," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003390, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    6. Juan Carlos Echeverry & Mauricio Santamaria, 2004. "The Political Economy Of Labor Reform In Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003618, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
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    More about this item


    Turismo; desarrollo económico; patrimonio; Caribe; cultura; sol y playa; Tourism; economic development; heritage; Caribbean; culture; sun and beach.;

    JEL classification:

    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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