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Turismo y desarrollo económico: ¿hace el patrimonio la diferencia en el caribe?

Listed author(s):
  • Humberto Consuegra De La Ossa


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    El presente texto muestra un análisis comparado para cuatro países del Gran Caribe, a saber: Guatemala, Guyana, Jamaica y República Dominicana. El asunto que se aborda es la relación entre turismo y desarrollo económico, partiendo de una clasificación entre países poseedores de patrimonio según la UNESCO y países que no lo poseen. De esta forma, se comparan dos países pertenecientes al Caribe Insular (Jamaica y República Dominicana) y dos pertenecientes al Caribe continental (Guatemala y Guyana), haciendo también comparaciones agregadas entre países con patrimonio (Guatemala y República Dominicana) y países sin patrimonio (Guyana y Jamaica). A través del análisis de la literatura referente al tema del turismo, se logra una perspectiva general de la importancia del mismo en la economía actual, tanto global como del Caribe, y con el análisis de información cuantitativa se muestran las aproximaciones a indicadores de desarrollo económico para los países estudiados. ****** The present text shows a comparative analysis of four Great Caribbean’s countries, to know: Guatemala, Guyana, Jamaica and Dominican Republic. The issue treated is the relationship between tourism and economic development based in a classification of these countries like heritage owner and no-owner by UNESCO. Thus, two Caribbean state islands (Jamaica and Dominican Republic) and two Caribbean continental countries (Guatemala and Guyana) are compared; also aggregate comparisons are made among Heritage owner countries (Guatemala and Dominican Republic) and Heritage no-owner countries (Guyana and Jamaica). Through literature analysis concerning tourism, is achieved a general perspective about importance of it in actual economy, not only global but in the Caribbean, and with quantitative information analysis show approximations to economic development indicators for studied countries.

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    Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE CARTAGENA in its series REVISTA PANORAMA ECONÓMICO with number 007087.

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    Length: 22
    Date of creation: 14 Dec 2009
    Handle: RePEc:col:000407:007087
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    1. Mauricio Cardenas & Raquel Bernal, 2004. "Determinants of Labor Demand in Colombia. 1976-1996," NBER Chapters,in: Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean, pages 229-272 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. BUSSOLO Maurizio & LAY Jann, "undated". "Globalization and Poverty Changes in Colombia," EcoMod2003 330700029, EcoMod.
    3. Rómulo A.Chumacero & J.Rodrigo Fuentes, 2006. "Economic growth in Latin America: structural breaks or fundamentals," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 33(2 Year 20), pages 141-154, December.
    4. Luis Eduardo Fajardo & Juan Carlos Guataquí, 2000. "La corte constitucional y la flexibilidad del mercado laboral," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 2(3), pages 80-103, July-dece.
    5. Marcela Meléndez & Katja Seim & Pablo Medina, 2003. "Productivity Dynamics Of The Colombian Manufacturing Sector," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003390, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    6. Juan Carlos Echeverry & Mauricio Santamaria, 2004. "The Political Economy Of Labor Reform In Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003618, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
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