IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

¿Parques de papel? Áreas protegidas y deforestación en Colombia


  • Leonardo Bonilla Mejía


  • Iván Higuera Mendieta



Este documento estudia el efecto de las áreas protegidas -naturales y étnicas- en la deforestación en Colombia utilizando imágenes satelitales de deforestación para el periodo 2001-2012. El análisis combina dos metodologías: regresiones discontinuas en las áreas declaradas antes de 2001 (largo plazo) y diferencias en diferencias en las más recientes (corto plazo). Los resultados muestran que en general las áreas protegidas han sido efectivas a la hora de frenar la deforestación. Estos efectos se mantienen y en el largo plazo se amplifican en zonas densamente pobladas y cercanas a las carreteras, lo cual sugiere que, en un contexto en el que abundan las actividades ilegales, las áreas protegidas son menos efectivas cuando la presencia del Estado es limitada. ******ABSTRACT: This paper assesses the effects of protected areas in Colombia using forest loss satellite-imagery for the period 2001-2012. We combine two strategies: regression discontinuity for protected areas created before 2001 (long run) and differences in differences for areas create afterwards (short run). Overall, results indicate that protected areas have a significant effect at reducing deforestation. These effects hold and are amplified in the long run near densely populated areas and roads, which suggests that, in a context of abundant illegal activities, protected areas are limited by weak state presence.

Suggested Citation

  • Leonardo Bonilla Mejía & Iván Higuera Mendieta, 2016. "¿Parques de papel? Áreas protegidas y deforestación en Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 015206, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:015206

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    More about this item


    Áreas protegidas; deforestación; Colombia; regresión discontinua;

    JEL classification:

    • Q23 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Forestry
    • Q50 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - General
    • Q57 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Ecological Economics
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:col:000102:015206. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Banco De La República - Economía Regional). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.