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Flujos de capital, la crisis financiera internacional y los desbalances macroeconómicos

  • Jorge Hernán Toro Córdoba


  • Rocío Mora Quiñones


  • Daniel Parra Amado


La crisis financiera de 2008 evidenció tanto las fragilidades del sistema financiero internacional como las consecuencias de la globalización financiera y comercial. Así, lo que comenzó como un problema de incumplimiento de pagos en el mercado inmobiliario estadounidense se tradujo en la peor recesión mundial desde la posguerra. Todo ello incrementó la aversión al riesgo internacional, los flujos de capital de las economías desarrolladas y emergentes, las relaciones comerciales y bancarias, el crecimiento económico y el empleo a nivel mundial. Este trabajo tiene tres objetivos: primero, cuantificar y describir el contexto macroeconómico de los flujos de capital antes y después de la crisis internacional, segundo, enunciar los hechos más relevantes durante el desarrollo de la crisis, para con ellos tratar de identificar sus posibles causas, y tercero, presentar el debate académico respecto al papel desempeñado por los desbalances macroeconómicos en el origen de la crisis. En síntesis, la evidencia sugiere que fue la conjunción de muchos factores los que detonaron y transmitieron las secuelas recesivas a nivel mundial. En particular, aunque los desbalances macroeconómicos no fueron la principal causa de la crisis, éstos tuvieron un efecto amplificador significativo.

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 009803.

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Length: 57
Date of creation: 11 Jul 2012
Handle: RePEc:col:000094:009803
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  1. Reinhart, Carmen M. & Rogoff, Kenneth, 2009. "The Aftermath of Financial Crises," CEPR Discussion Papers 7209, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Paul S. Mills & John Kiff, 2007. "Money for Nothing and Checks for Free; Recent Developments in U.S. Subprime Mortgage Markets," IMF Working Papers 07/188, International Monetary Fund.
  3. John B. Taylor, 2009. "The Financial Crisis and the Policy Responses: An Empirical Analysis of What Went Wrong," NBER Working Papers 14631, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Benjamin J. Keys & Tanmoy Mukherjee & Amit Seru & Vikrant Vig, 2010. "Did Securitization Lead to Lax Screening? Evidence from Subprime Loans," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 125(1), pages 307-362.
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