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Immigrant Labour Market Performance and Skilled Immigrant Selection: The International Experience

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  • Daniel Parent
  • Christopher Worswick

Abstract

The immigration experience over the post-World War II period is reviewed for Canada, the United States and Australia. The immigration policies of each country are compared. The existing literature on the labour market performance of immigrant in each country is discussed and interpreted within the context of the immigration policies in place that determined the selection of immigrants of different arrival periods. In addition, studies that have compared the effectiveness of different immigrant selection systems are reviewed. Finally, a description of the history of the Quebec immigrant selection system is presented and a discussion of its possible impact on the inflow of immigrants to Quebec is discussed. Dans cet article, nous brossons un tableau de l'expérience du Canada, des États-Unis et de l'Australie en termes d'immigration depuis la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Nous comparons d'abord les politiques d'immigration de chaque pays pour ensuite porter notre attention sur la littérature consacrée à la performance économique des immigrants dans chaque pays d'accueil. Nous nous concentrons sur l'interprétation de cette littérature dans le contexte des politiques d'immigration mises en place qui visaient à encadrer la sélection des immigrants. De plus, nous effectuons une recension des articles traitant de l'efficacité relative de ces différentes politiques. Finalement, nous décrivons brièvement le système de sélection propre au Québec et ses impacts possibles sur les flux d'immigration.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel Parent & Christopher Worswick, 2004. "Immigrant Labour Market Performance and Skilled Immigrant Selection: The International Experience," CIRANO Project Reports 2004rp-07, CIRANO.
  • Handle: RePEc:cir:cirpro:2004rp-07
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    File URL: http://www.cirano.qc.ca/files/publications/2004RP-07.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Heather Antecol & Deborah A. Cobb-Clark & Stephen J. Trejo, 2003. "Immigration Policy and the Skills of Immigrants to Australia, Canada, and the United States," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 38(1).
    2. James Ted McDonald & Christopher Worswick, 1998. "The Earnings of Immigrant Men in Canada: Job Tenure, Cohort, and Macroeconomic Conditions," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 51(3), pages 465-482, April.
    3. Crossley, T.F. & McDonald, J.T. & Worswick, C., 1999. "Immigrant Benefit Receipt: Sensitivity to the Choice of Survey years and Model Specification," Papers 370, Australian National University - Department of Economics.
    4. Deborah Cobb-Clark, 1999. "Do Selection Criteria Make a Difference? Visa Category and the Labour Force Status of Australian Immigrants," CEPR Discussion Papers 397, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
    5. Kristin F. Butcher & John Dinardo, 2002. "The Immigrant and Native-Born Wage Distributions: Evidence from United States Censuses," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 56(1), pages 97-121, October.
    6. Thomas F. Crossley & James Ted McDonald & Christopher Worswick, 2001. "Immigrant Benefit Receipt Revisited: Sensitivity to the Choice of Survey Years and Model Specification," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 36(2), pages 379-397.
    7. George J. Borjas, 1993. "Immigration Policy, National Origin, and Immigrant Skills: A Comparison of Canada and the United States," NBER Chapters,in: Small Differences That Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States, pages 21-44 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Chiswick, Barry R, 1978. "The Effect of Americanization on the Earnings of Foreign-born Men," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(5), pages 897-921, October.
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    10. Baker, Michael & Benjamin, Dwayne, 1994. "The Performance of Immigrants in the Canadian Labor Market," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 12(3), pages 369-405, July.
    11. Borjas, George J, 1985. "Assimilation, Changes in Cohort Quality, and the Earnings of Immigrants," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 3(4), pages 463-489, October.
    12. Addison, Thomas & Worswick, Christopher, 2002. "The Impact of Immigration on the Earnings of Natives: Evidence from Australian Micro Data," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 78(240), pages 68-78, March.
    13. Alan G. Green & David A. Green, 1995. "Canadian Immigration Policy: The Effectiveness of the Point System and Other Instruments," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 28(4b), pages 1006-1041, November.
    14. Beggs, John J & Chapman, Bruce J, 1988. "Immigrant Wage Adjustment in Australia: Cross Section and Time-Series Estimates," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 64(186), pages 161-167, September.
    15. George J. Borjas & Lynette Hilton, 1996. "Immigration and the Welfare State: Immigrant Participation in Means-Tested Entitlement Programs," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 111(2), pages 575-604.
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    Keywords

    immigration; international comparisons; immigration; comparaisons internationales;

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