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Immigrant Labour Market Performance and Skilled Immigrant Selection: The International Experience

  • Daniel Parent
  • Christopher Worswick

The immigration experience over the post-World War II period is reviewed for Canada, the United States and Australia. The immigration policies of each country are compared. The existing literature on the labour market performance of immigrant in each country is discussed and interpreted within the context of the immigration policies in place that determined the selection of immigrants of different arrival periods. In addition, studies that have compared the effectiveness of different immigrant selection systems are reviewed. Finally, a description of the history of the Quebec immigrant selection system is presented and a discussion of its possible impact on the inflow of immigrants to Quebec is discussed. Dans cet article, nous brossons un tableau de l'expérience du Canada, des États-Unis et de l'Australie en termes d'immigration depuis la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Nous comparons d'abord les politiques d'immigration de chaque pays pour ensuite porter notre attention sur la littérature consacrée à la performance économique des immigrants dans chaque pays d'accueil. Nous nous concentrons sur l'interprétation de cette littérature dans le contexte des politiques d'immigration mises en place qui visaient à encadrer la sélection des immigrants. De plus, nous effectuons une recension des articles traitant de l'efficacité relative de ces différentes politiques. Finalement, nous décrivons brièvement le système de sélection propre au Québec et ses impacts possibles sur les flux d'immigration.

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File URL: http://www.cirano.qc.ca/files/publications/2004RP-07.pdf
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Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Project Reports with number 2004rp-07.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: 01 Jun 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cir:cirpro:2004rp-07
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  1. Crossley, T.F. & McDonald, J.T. & Worswick, C., 1999. "Immigrant Benefit Receipt: Sensitivity to the Choice of Survey years and Model Specification," ANU Working Papers in Economics and Econometrics 1999-370, Australian National University, College of Business and Economics, School of Economics.
  2. George J. Borjas & Lynette Hilton, 1995. "Immigration and the Welfare State: Immigrant Participation in Means- Tested Entitlement Programs," NBER Working Papers 5372, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. David Card, 1989. "The Impact of the Mariel Boatlift on the Miami Labor Market," Working Papers 633, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  4. Kristin F. Butcher & John DiNardo, 1998. "The Immigrant and Native-born Wage Distributions: Evidence from United States Censuses," NBER Working Papers 6630, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Baker, Michael & Benjamin, Dwayne, 1994. "The Performance of Immigrants in the Canadian Labor Market," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 12(3), pages 369-405, July.
  6. Thomas F. Crossley & James Ted McDonald & Christopher Worswick, 2001. "Immigrant Benefit Receipt Revisited: Sensitivity to the Choice of Survey Years and Model Specification," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 36(2), pages 379-397.
  7. Antecol, Heather & Cobb-Clark, Deborah A. & Trejo, Stephen, 2001. "Immigration Policy and the Skills of Immigrants to Australia, Canada, and the United States," IZA Discussion Papers 363, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Deborah Cobb-Clark, 1999. "Do Selection Criteria Make a Difference? Visa Category and the Labour Force Status of Australian Immigrants," CEPR Discussion Papers 397, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
  9. Alan G. Green & David A. Green, 1995. "Canadian Immigration Policy: The Effectiveness of the Point System and Other Instruments," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 28(4b), pages 1006-41, November.
  10. George J. Borjas, 1991. "Immigration Policy, National Origin, and Immigrant Skills: A Comparison of Canada and the United States," NBER Working Papers 3691, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. James Ted McDonald & Christopher Worswick, 1998. "The Earnings of Immigrant Men in Canada: Job Tenure, Cohort, and Macroeconomic Conditions," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 51(3), pages 465-482, April.
  12. Chiswick, Barry R, 1978. "The Effect of Americanization on the Earnings of Foreign-born Men," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(5), pages 897-921, October.
  13. Kristin F. Butcher & John Dinardo, 2002. "The Immigrant and Native-Born Wage Distributions: Evidence from United States Censuses," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 56(1), pages 97-121, October.
  14. Borjas, George J, 1985. "Assimilation, Changes in Cohort Quality, and the Earnings of Immigrants," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 3(4), pages 463-89, October.
  15. Addison, Thomas & Worswick, Christopher, 2002. "The Impact of Immigration on the Earnings of Natives: Evidence from Australian Micro Data," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 78(240), pages 68-78, March.
  16. Beggs, John J & Chapman, Bruce J, 1988. "Immigrant Wage Adjustment in Australia: Cross Section and Time-Series Estimates," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 64(186), pages 161-67, September.
  17. Chiswick, Barry R & Miller, Paul W, 1985. "Immigrant Generation and Income in Australia," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 61(173), pages 540-53, June.
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