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Climate and the Economy in India, 1850-2000


  • Roy, Tirthankar

    (London School of Economics and Political Science)


This article says that climate shaped the long-term pattern of economic change in India and that the climatically conditioned economic change generated a distinct set of environmental consequences in the region. From the nineteenth century, political and economic processes that made scarce and controlled water resources more accessible to more people, enhanced welfare, enabled more food production and sustained urbanization. The same processes also raised water stress. These propositions carry lessons for comparative economic history and the conduct of discourses on sustainability in the present times.

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  • Roy, Tirthankar, 2019. "Climate and the Economy in India, 1850-2000," CAGE Online Working Paper Series 445, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE).
  • Handle: RePEc:cge:wacage:445

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    References listed on IDEAS

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