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Capital Requirements under Basel III in Latin America: The Cases of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru - Working Paper 296

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  • Liliana Rojas-Suarez, Arturo J. Galindo, and Marielle del Valle

Abstract

A number of banks in developed countries argue that the new capital requirements under Basel III are too stringent and that implementing the proposed regulation would require raising large amounts of capital, with adverse consequences on credit and the cost of finance. In contrast, many emerging market economies claim that their systems are adequately capitalized and that they have no problems with implementing the new capital requirements. This paper conducts a detailed calculation of capital held by the banks in four Latin American countries—known as the Andean countries: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru—and assesses the potential effects of full compliance with the capital requirements under Basel III. The conclusions are positive and show that while capital would decline somewhat in these countries after they make adjustments to comply with the new definition of capital under Basel III, they would still meet the Basel III recommendations on capital requirements. More importantly, these countries would hold Tier 1 capital to risk-weighted-asset ratios significantly above the 8.5 percent requirement under Basel III. That is, not only the quantity, but also the quality of capital is adequate in the countries under study. While encouraging, these results should not be taken as a panacea since the new regulations are only effective if coupled with appropriate risk management and supervision mechanisms to control the build-up of excessive risk-taking by banks. Further research into these areas is needed for a complete assessment of the strength of banks in the Andean countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Liliana Rojas-Suarez, Arturo J. Galindo, and Marielle del Valle, 2012. "Capital Requirements under Basel III in Latin America: The Cases of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru - Working Paper 296," Working Papers 296, Center for Global Development.
  • Handle: RePEc:cgd:wpaper:296
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    File URL: http://www.cgdev.org/files/1426190_file_Rojas_Suarez_Basel_III_FINAL.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Mathias Drehmann & Claudio Borio & Kostas Tsatsaronis, 2011. "Anchoring Countercyclical Capital Buffers: The role of Credit Aggregates," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 7(4), pages 189-240, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Fanny Warman D., 2014. "Integración del capital regulatorio en países latinoamericanos y efectos de Basilea III," Documentos de Investigación - Research Papers 14, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, CEMLA.
    2. Arturo J. Galindo & Liliana Rojas-Suarez & Marielle del Valle, 2013. "Macroprudential Regulations in Andean Countries," Working Papers 319, Center for Global Development.
    3. Guillermo Perry & Alejandro Forero, 2014. "Latino América: el día después. ¿Es distinta esta vez?," Documentos CEDE 012344, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
    4. Dawa Sherpa, 2013. "Critical Evaluation of Basel III as Prudential Regulation and its Consequences in Developing Countries’ Credit Needs," EY International Congress on Economics I (EYC2013), October 24-25, 2013, Ankara, Turkey 253, Ekonomik Yaklasim Association.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G38 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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