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Adjustment Costs, Inventories and Output

  • Leif Danziger

This paper analyzes the optimal adjustment strategy of an inventory-holding firm facing price- and quantity-adjustment costs in an inflationary environment. The model nests both the original menu-cost model that allows production to be costlessly adjusted, and the later model that includes price- and quantity-adjustment costs, but rules out inventory holdings. It is shown that the firm’s optimal adjustment strategy may involve stockouts. At low inflation rates, output is inversely related to the inflation rate, and the length of time demand is satisfied increases with the demand elasticity but decreases with the storage cost and the real interest rate.

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Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 2244.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_2244
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  27. Leif Danziger, 2001. "Output and Welfare Effects of Inflation with Costly Price and Quantity Adjustments," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(5), pages 1608-1620, December.
  28. Basu, Susanto & Fernald, John G, 1997. "Returns to Scale in U.S. Production: Estimates and Implications," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(2), pages 249-83, April.
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  30. Danziger, Leif & Krainer, Claus Thustrup, 2002. "Fixed Production Capacity, Menu Cost and the Output-Inflation Relationship," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 69(275), pages 433-44, August.
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