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Costs of Price Adjustment and the Welfare Economics of Inflation and Disinflation


  • Danziger, Leif


This paper studies the welfare consequences of inflation and disinflation in a model in which monopol istic firms incur a fixed cost of price adjustment. It is shown that a moderately increasing price level is associated with higher social welfare than a perfectly stable price level, and the model therefore provides theoretical support for the widespread belief that a little bit of inflation is good for the economy. Nevertheless, it is also tr ue that the eradication of a moderate inflation leads to an increase in social welfare. Copyright 1988 by American Economic Association.

Suggested Citation

  • Danziger, Leif, 1988. "Costs of Price Adjustment and the Welfare Economics of Inflation and Disinflation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(4), pages 633-646, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:aea:aecrev:v:78:y:1988:i:4:p:633-46

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Nelson, Charles R & Kang, Heejoon, 1981. "Spurious Periodicity in Inappropriately Detrended Time Series," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(3), pages 741-751, May.
    2. Gregory Mankiw, N. & Shapiro, Matthew D., 1985. "Trends, random walks, and tests of the permanent income hypothesis," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 165-174, September.
    3. Romer, Christina D, 1986. "Is the Stabilization of the Postwar Economy a Figment of the Data?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(3), pages 314-334, June.
    4. Mankiw, N Gregory & Miron, Jeffrey A & Weil, David N, 1987. "The Adjustment of Expectations to a Change in Regime: A Study of the Founding of the Federal Reserve," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(3), pages 358-374, June.
    5. Hamilton, James D., 1987. "Monetary factors in the great depression," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 145-169, March.
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