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A Theoretical Model of Barter in Russia

Author

Listed:
  • Jose Noguera
  • Susan Linz

Abstract

This paper develops a general equilibrium model and proposes a theory to explain the main stylized facts about the growth of barter transactions in Russia during the 1990s. Because of the high opportunity cost of using fiat money, with a tight enough credit market it may be optimal for firms to barter if they have access to that transaction technology, yet the riskiest firm will keep using money. We also claim that, in the short run, Russian managers might avoid restructuring because it jeopardizes their access to alternative transaction technologies, and that this phenomenon might also take place in well-developed market economies.

Suggested Citation

  • Jose Noguera & Susan Linz, 2003. "A Theoretical Model of Barter in Russia," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp207, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute, Prague.
  • Handle: RePEc:cer:papers:wp207
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    File URL: http://www.cerge-ei.cz/pdf/wp/Wp207.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Wendy Carlin & Steven Fries & Mark Schaffer & Paul Seabright, 2000. "Barter and Non-Monetary Transactions in Transition Economies: Evidence from a Cross-Country Survey," CERT Discussion Papers 0004, Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation, Heriot Watt University.
    2. Dalia Marin & Monika Schnitzer, 2002. "The Economic Institution Of International Barter," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(479), pages 293-316, April.
    3. Ellingsen, Tore, 1998. "Payments in Kind," SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 244, Stockholm School of Economics, revised 10 Feb 2000.
    4. Linz, Susan J. & Martin, Robert E., 1982. "Soviet enterprise behavior under uncertainty," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 24-36, March.
    5. Susan J Linz & Gary Krueger, 1998. "Enterprise Restructuring in Russia's Transition Economy: Formal and Informal Mechanisms," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 40(2), pages 5-52, July.
    6. Saul Estrin & Alan A. Bevan & Boris Kuznetsov & Mark E. Schaffer & Manuela Angelucci & Julian Fennema & Giovanni Mangiarotti, 2001. "The Determinants of Privatised Enterprise Performance in Russia," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 452, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    7. Ickes, B.W. & Ryterman, R., 1993. "Roadblock to Economic Reform: Inter-Enterprise Debt and the Transition to Markets," Papers 2-93-1, Pennsylvania State - Department of Economics.
    8. Dalia Marin, 2002. "Trust versus illusion: What is driving demonetization in the former Soviet Union?," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 10(1), pages 173-200, March.
    9. Olivier Blanchard & Michael Kremer, 1997. "Disorganization," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 112(4), pages 1091-1126.
    10. Canice Prendergast & Lars Stole, 2001. "Barter, Liquidity and Market Segmentation," CESifo Working Paper Series 586, CESifo Group Munich.
    11. Gary Krueger & Susan J. Linz, 2000. "Virtual Reality: Barter and Restructuring in Russian Industry," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 465, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    12. Christian Mumssen & Irina Dolinskaya & Simon Commander & Irina Tytell, 2000. "Determinants of Barter in Russia; An Empirical Analysis," IMF Working Papers 00/155, International Monetary Fund.
    13. Sophie Brana & Mathilde Maurel, 1999. "Barter in Russia: Liquidity Shortage versus Lack of Restructuring," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 271, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    14. Grossman, Gregory, 1992. "Comparative Study of Economic Systems after the Great Collapse," Economic Review, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 43(4), pages 298-304, January.
    15. Robert E. Lucas, Jr., 2000. "Inflation and Welfare," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 68(2), pages 247-274, March.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Barter; money; payment system; interest rate;

    JEL classification:

    • E0 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General
    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • P20 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - General
    • P21 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Planning, Coordination, and Reform
    • P23 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Factor and Product Markets; Industry Studies; Population
    • P26 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Political Economy

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