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Tasa de depreciación de capital humano: Evidencia empírica para Argentina

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  • Guido Vignoli

Abstract

El presente trabajo tiene por objeto demostrar la existencia de la Tasa de Depreciación del Capital Humano en Argentina, haciendo uso de un modelo sencillo que permita incorporar la obsolescencia de sus dos principales fuentes de acumulación, escolaridad y experiencia. Usando los datos provistos por la EPH elaborada por INDEC para el IV trimestre de 2011, se pudo obtener los resultados que prueban dicha hipótesis, evidenciando además que la misma no es constante. Al permitir la identificación de las fuentes de acumulación de Capital Humano, también puede diferenciarse las tasas de depreciación de cada una de ellas y su efecto sobre la depreciación de dicho capital como un todo. Así mismo se identifican diferencias en las tasas de depreciación para diferentes rangos de edades, e incluso para diferentes sectores industriales, incorporando el concepto de depreciación externa al de depreciación interna.

Suggested Citation

  • Guido Vignoli, 2012. "Tasa de depreciación de capital humano: Evidencia empírica para Argentina," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 498, Universidad del CEMA.
  • Handle: RePEc:cem:doctra:498
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    File URL: http://www.ucema.edu.ar/publicaciones/download/documentos/498.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. James J. Heckman & Lance J. Lochner & Petra E. Todd, 2003. "Fifty Years of Mincer Earnings Regressions," NBER Working Papers 9732, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Sylvain Weber, 2014. "Human capital depreciation and education level," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 35(5), pages 613-642, July.
    3. Maria Arrazola & Jose de Hevia, 2004. "More on the estimation of the human capital depreciation rate," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(3), pages 145-148.
    4. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
    5. Yoram Ben-Porath, 1967. "The Production of Human Capital and the Life Cycle of Earnings," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 75, pages 352-352.
    6. Jacob Mincer & Haim Ofek, 1982. "Interrupted Work Careers: Depreciation and Restoration of Human Capital," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 17(1), pages 3-24.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital Humano; Tasa de Depreciación; Argentina; Heckman; sesgo de selección; escolaridad; experiencia.;

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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