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Black and White Commuting Behavior in a Large Segregated City: Evidence from Atlanta


  • Clark, William A.V.
  • Huang, Youqin


Previous research has shown that households are sensitive to commuting distance. In particular, households beyond a threshold distance move closer to the job when they change residence. The questions which motivate this paper are – how does race affect the probability of moving closer to the job when households change residence, and is there a trade off between commuting distance and neighborhood composition? Using a specialized data set the research shows that the commuting behaviors of minority and white households are consistent with the overall hypothesis that households minimize their commuting distance whenever possible. The research also shows that there is a tendency for both white and black households to choose slightly more integrated settings after changing residences. Yet, black households have to juggle the trade-off between neighborhoods with high socio-economic status and commute distance and those who choose higher socio-economic status neighborhoods have longer commutes.

Suggested Citation

  • Clark, William A.V. & Huang, Youqin, 2003. "Black and White Commuting Behavior in a Large Segregated City: Evidence from Atlanta," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt90t654p2, University of California Transportation Center.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdl:uctcwp:qt90t654p2

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Linneman, Peter & Graves, Philip E., 1983. "Migration and job change: A multinomial logit approach," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 263-279, November.
    2. Mark W Horner, 2002. "Extensions to the concept of excess commuting," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 34(3), pages 543-566, March.
    3. William Clark, 1992. "Residential preferences and residential choices in a multiethnic context," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 29(3), pages 451-466, August.
    4. David M. Levinson, 1997. "Job and housing tenure and the journey to work," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 31(4), pages 451-471.
    5. Clark, William A. V. & Huang, Youqin & Withers, Suzanne, 2003. "Does commuting distance matter?: Commuting tolerance and residential change," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 199-221, March.
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