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Bicycle Evolution in China: From the 1900s to the Present

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Listed:
  • Zhang, Hua
  • Shaheen, Susan PhD
  • Chen, Xingpeng

Abstract

This article examines four phases in bicycle evolution in China from initial entry and slow growth (1900s to 1978), to rapid growth (1978 to 1995), bicycle use reduction (1995 to 2002), and policy diversification (2002 to present). Two bicycle innovations, electric bikes, and public bikesharing (the shared use of a bicycle fleet), are also explored in this article. Electric bikes could provide a transitional mode on the pathway to bicycle and public transportation integration or to small battery electric cars. Four lessons have been learned from China’s electric bike experience relevant to government policy and management. Public bikesharing represents an important step towards integrating the bicycle with bus, metro, and rail systems. Five early operational lessons have been identified from China’s limited public bikesharing experience.

Suggested Citation

  • Zhang, Hua & Shaheen, Susan PhD & Chen, Xingpeng, 2013. "Bicycle Evolution in China: From the 1900s to the Present," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt05k9k6b6, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdl:itsrrp:qt05k9k6b6
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    File URL: https://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/05k9k6b6.pdf;origin=repeccitec
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Cherry, Christopher & Cervero, Robert, 2007. "Use characteristics and mode choice behavior of electric bike users in China," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 247-257, May.
    2. Shaheen, Susan & Guzman, Stacey & Zhang, Hua, 2012. "Bikesharing across the Globe," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt0qm296pf, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
    3. Cherry, Christopher R. & Weinert, Jonathan X. & Yang, Xinmiao, 2009. "Comparative Environmental Impacts of Electric Bikes in China," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt16k918sh, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    4. Jonathan Weinert & Chaktan Ma & Christopher Cherry, 2007. "The transition to electric bikes in China: history and key reasons for rapid growth," Transportation, Springer, vol. 34(3), pages 301-318, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Juan P. Romero & Jose L. Moura & Angel Ibeas & Borja Alonso, 2015. "A simulation tool for bicycle sharing systems in multimodal networks," Transportation Planning and Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(6), pages 646-663, August.

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