Simulation Methods for Probit and Related Models Based on Convenient Error Partitioning
Two probit simulators are described that are conceptually and computationally simple. The first is based on simulating the utilities of the non-chosen alternatives and calculating the probability that the chosen alternative's utility exceeds this maximum. This simulator is apparently new. The second, which is implicit in the discussions of McFadden (1989) and Bolduc (1992), is applicable when the covariance among utilities arises from random parameters and/or error components that are common across alternatives. The parameters and common error components are simulated, and then the probability that the observed event occurs is calculated conditional on these values. Both simulators are unbiased, strictly positive, and continuous. The second is twice-differentiable, while the first has points of non-differentiability. Both are easy to program and can be expected to be very fast computationa- lly.
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