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Non-Traded, Traded and Aggregate Inflation In Ireland (Part 2)

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  • Kenny, Geoff

    (Central Bank and Financial Services Authority of Ireland)

  • McGettigan, Donal

    (Central Bank and Financial Services Authority of Ireland)

Abstract

This paper attempts to shed further light on the primary determinants of Irish inflation. By way of introduction, the paper provides a critical assessment of the Irish literature to date within the context of several key international theories. Several areas of controversy surface from this review: there exists little or no consensus regarding (a) the main causes of consumer price inflation in Ireland (b) the role of wages in the inflation process and (c) the role played by domestic factors in determining Irish inflation. The main body of the paper attempts to address each of these questions directly. It does so by formulating a model which tests for potentially divergent price determination in the traded and non-traded sectors of the economy. The analysis was facilitated by the construction of a new dataset which decomposed an underlying measure of consumer prices into its traded and non-traded components. For traded price inflation, the results suggest the strong role of the exchange rate and foreign inflation in conformity with the small open economy view. In the case of non-traded prices, the data rejected a strict version of the small open economy view. Nonetheless the strong role of the exchange rate and foreign prices was confirmed even for the non-traded sector. Furthermore, in the case of both traded and non-traded inflation, there was also significant evidence that real wage growth in excess of that which is warranted by productivity gains can lead to higher inflation. As would be expected, the results for aggregate inflation fall somewhere between those for its traded and non-traded components.

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  • Kenny, Geoff & McGettigan, Donal, 1996. "Non-Traded, Traded and Aggregate Inflation In Ireland (Part 2)," Research Technical Papers 3B/RT/96, Central Bank of Ireland.
  • Handle: RePEc:cbi:wpaper:3b/rt/96
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    Cited by:

    1. Kenny, Geoff & McGettigan, Donal, 1996. "Exchange Rate Pass-Through and Irish Import Prices," Research Technical Papers 6/RT/96, Central Bank of Ireland.
    2. Slevin, Geraldine, 2003. "Structural Model Of Irish Inflation," Research Technical Papers 1/RT/03, Central Bank of Ireland.
    3. Kenny, Geoff & McGettigan, Donal, 1996. "Non-Traded, Traded and Aggregate Inflation in Ireland: Further Evidence," Research Technical Papers 5/RT/96, Central Bank of Ireland.
    4. Morgenroth, Edgar & FitzGerald, John & FitzGerald, John, 2006. "Summary and Conclusions," Book Chapters, in: Morgenroth, Edgar (ed.),Ex-Ante Evaluation of the Investment Priorities for the National Development Plan 2007-2013, chapter 24, pages 317-333, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
      • Baker, Terence J. & FitzGerald, John & Honohan, Patrick & FitzGerald, John & Honohan, Patrick, 1996. "Summary and Conclusions," Book Chapters, in: Baker, Terence J. (ed.),Economic Implications for Ireland of EMU, chapter 12, pages 339-352, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    5. Honohan, Patrick & FitzGerald, John & Honohan, Patrick, 1996. "Adapting to Regime Change," Book Chapters, in: Baker, Terence J. (ed.),Economic Implications for Ireland of EMU, pages 10-36, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    6. Kenny, Geoff & McGettigan, Donal, 1997. "A Monetary Approach to the Analysis of Inflation in Ireland," Research Technical Papers 4/RT/97, Central Bank of Ireland.

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