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Transitional Dynamics of Dividend Tax Reform

Author

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  • Francois Gourio

    () (Department of Economics, Boston University)

  • Jianjun Miao

    () (Department of Economics, Boston University)

Abstract

We develop a dynamic general equilibrium model to study the impact of the 2003 dividend and capital gains tax cuts. Firms are heterogeneous in productivity and make investment and financing decisions subject to capital adjustment costs, equity issuance costs, and collateral constraints. Our calibrated model predicts that when the tax cuts are unexpected and temporary, dividend payments rise immediately by about 35 percent (relative to the level in the initial steady state). In the expiration date of the tax cuts, dividend payments decrease by about 15 percent. Aggregate investment decreases in the periods when the tax cuts are implemented, leading to an 11 percent drop in the period immediately prior to the expiration date of the tax cuts.

Suggested Citation

  • Francois Gourio & Jianjun Miao, "undated". "Transitional Dynamics of Dividend Tax Reform," Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series wp2008-021, Boston University - Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:bos:wpaper:wp2008-021
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Brennan, Michael J & Thakor, Anjan V, 1990. " Shareholder Preferences and Dividend Policy," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 45(4), pages 993-1018, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. François Gourio & Jianjun Miao, 2010. "Firm Heterogeneity and the Long-Run Effects of Dividend Tax Reform," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 2(1), pages 131-168, January.
    2. Strulik, Holger & Trimborn, Timo, 2010. "Anticipated tax reforms and temporary tax cuts: A general equilibrium analysis," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 34(10), pages 2141-2158, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    dividend tax policies; investment and financial policies; finance regimes; collateral constraint; intertemporal tax arbitrage;

    JEL classification:

    • D92 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Intertemporal Firm Choice, Investment, Capacity, and Financing
    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • G31 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • H32 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Firm

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