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Evolving UK macroeconomic dynamics: a time-varying factor augmented VAR

  • Mumtaz, Haroon


    (Bank of England)

Changes in monetary policy and shifts in dynamics of the macroeconomy are typically described using empirical models that only include a limited amount of information. Examples of such models include time-varying vector autoregressions that are estimated using output growth, inflation and a short-term interest rate. This paper extends these models by incorporating a larger amount of information in these tri-variate VARs. In particular, we use a factor augmented vector autoregression extended to incorporate time-varying coefficients and stochastic volatility in the innovation variances. The reduced-form results not only confirm the finding that the great stability period in the United Kingdom is characterised by low persistence and volatility of inflation and output but also suggest that these findings extend to money growth and asset prices. The impulse response functions display little evidence of a price puzzle indicating that the extra information incorporated in our model leads to more robust structural estimates.

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Paper provided by Bank of England in its series Bank of England working papers with number 386.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: 31 Mar 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:boe:boeewp:0386
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  1. Ben S. Bernanke & Jean Boivin & Piotr Eliasz, 2005. "Measuring the Effects of Monetary Policy: A Factor-Augmented Vector Autoregressive (FAVAR) Approach," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 120(1), pages 387-422.
  2. Thomas A. Lubik & Frank Schorfheide, 2004. "Testing for Indeterminacy: An Application to U.S. Monetary Policy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 190-217, March.
  3. Francesco Belviso & Fabio Milani, 2005. "Structural Factor-Augmented VAR (SFAVAR) and the Effects of Monetary Policy," Macroeconomics 0503023, EconWPA.
  4. Timothy Cogley & Thomas Sargent, . "Evolving Post-World War II U.S. Inflation Dynamics," Working Papers 2132872, Department of Economics, W. P. Carey School of Business, Arizona State University.
  5. M. Ayhan Kose & Christopher Otrok & Charles H. Whiteman, 2003. "International Business Cycles: World, Region, and Country-Specific Factors," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(4), pages 1216-1239, September.
  6. Efrem Castelnuovo & Paolo Surico, 2006. "The Price Puzzle: Fact or Artifact?," "Marco Fanno" Working Papers 0016, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche "Marco Fanno".
  7. Clarida, R. & Gali, J. & Gertler, M., 1998. "Monetary Policy Rules and Macroeconomic Stability: Evidence and some Theory," Working Papers 98-01, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
  8. Cogley, Timothy & Morozov, Sergei & Sargent, Thomas J., 2005. "Bayesian fan charts for U.K. inflation: Forecasting and sources of uncertainty in an evolving monetary system," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 29(11), pages 1893-1925, November.
  9. Koop, Gary & Pesaran, M. Hashem & Potter, Simon M., 1996. "Impulse response analysis in nonlinear multivariate models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 119-147, September.
  10. Uhlig, Harald, 2005. "What are the effects of monetary policy on output? Results from an agnostic identification procedure," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 381-419, March.
  11. Jacquier, Eric & Polson, Nicholas G & Rossi, Peter E, 2002. "Bayesian Analysis of Stochastic Volatility Models," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 20(1), pages 69-87, January.
  12. Luca Benati, 2004. "Evolving post-World War II UK economic performance," Bank of England working papers 232, Bank of England.
  13. Christopher A. Sims & Tao Zha, 2005. "Were There Regime Switches in U.S. Monetary Policy?," Working Papers 92, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Center for Economic Policy Studies..
  14. Canova, Fabio & Nicolo, Gianni De, 2002. "Monetary disturbances matter for business fluctuations in the G-7," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(6), pages 1131-1159, September.
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