The Property Tax as a Tax on Value: Deadweight Loss
Consider an atomistic developer who decides when and at what density to develop his land, under a property value tax system characterized by three time-invariant tax rates: the tax rate on pre-development land value; the tax rate on post- development residual site value; and the tax rate on structure value. Arnott (2002) identified the subset of property value tax systems which are neutral. This paper investigates the relative efficiency of four idealized, non-neutral property value tax systems (i) Canadian property tax system; (ii) simple property tax system; (iii)residual site value tax system;( iv) differentiated property tax system under the assumption of a constant rental growth rate.
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