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Social capital and the viability of stakeholder-oriented firms: Evidence from Norwegian savings banks

Author

Listed:
  • Charlotte Ostergaard

    (Norwegian School of Management and Norges Bank)

  • Ibolya Schindele

    (Norwegian School of Management)

  • Bent Vale

    () (Norges Bank (Central Bank of Norway))

Abstract

Stakeholder oriented governance systems are often thought to hamper efficiency. We show that social capital improves the viability of stakeholder-oriented firms in competitive markets. Studying exits from the population of Norwegian savings banks after deregulations, we find that banks located in communities with high social capital have a higher probability of survival. We propose that social capital facilitates collective decision-making, ensuring that banks internalize the preferences of the community in return for continued community patronage. Consistently, we find that in high social capital areas banks operate with lower interest rate margins, lower returns on assets, and lower loan losses.

Suggested Citation

  • Charlotte Ostergaard & Ibolya Schindele & Bent Vale, 2009. "Social capital and the viability of stakeholder-oriented firms: Evidence from Norwegian savings banks," Working Paper 2009/14, Norges Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:bno:worpap:2009_14
    Note: First version: December 2007
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    File URL: http://www.norges-bank.no/en/Published/Papers/Working-Papers/2009/WP-200914/
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Behr, Patrick & Foos, Daniel & Norden, Lars, 2017. "Cyclicality of SME lending and government involvement in banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 64-77.
    2. Behr, Patrick & Norden, Lars & Noth, Felix, 2013. "Financial constraints of private firms and bank lending behavior," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(9), pages 3472-3485.
    3. Bøhren, Øyvind & Josefsen, Morten G., 2013. "Stakeholder rights and economic performance: The profitability of nonprofits," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 4073-4086.
    4. Baele, L. & Farooq, M. & Ongena, S., 2012. "Of Religion and Redemption : Evidence from Default on Islamic Loans (Replaces CentER DP 2010-136)," Discussion Paper 2012-014, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    5. Baele, Lieven & Farooq, Moazzam & Ongena, Steven, 2014. "Of religion and redemption: Evidence from default on Islamic loans," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 141-159.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Political economics; Strategic capital accumulation; Identifying popularity shocks;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H40 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - General
    • H72 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Budget and Expenditures

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