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Bogotá y área de influencia: Tendencias económicas en las primeras dos décadas del siglo XXI

Author

Listed:
  • María Aguilera-Díaz

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Rocío Mora-Quiñones

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Carolina Ramírez-Rodríguez

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

Abstract

El objetivo del estudio es investigar las tendencias económicas de la ciudad capital y los municipios aledaños en las primeras dos décadas del siglo XXI. La motivación surgió por el menor crecimiento económico observado en Bogotá durante 2016 y 2017, el cual estuvo por debajo del observado en 2009 tras el coletazo de la crisis financiera internacional. En 2014 el deterioro de los términos de intercambio y los subsiguientes choques de oferta transitorios, como el fenómeno de El Niño, impactaron las economías regionales, entre las que Bogotá alcanzó un crecimiento bajo en 2016 y 2017, luego de haber mantenido una expansión de 4,3% entre 2010 y 2014. En el marco del proceso de ajuste macroeconómico, se investigaron para la ciudad capital y Cundinamarca los sectores económicos más dinámicos y con mayor interés en la industria manufacturera. Por medio de las estadísticas disponibles para Bogotá, se destacó una relación estrecha entre la producción real y el índice de confianza del consumidor. Por otro lado, si bien los municipios aledaños continúan activando la economía del casco periférico de la Sabana de Bogotá, la ciudad capital concentra un desarrollo importante en consumo y un nivel industrial importante junto con el avance de las actividades profesionales, científicas, técnicas y servicios administrativos a las empresas, que van de la mano con el progreso de las tecnologías y las comunicaciones. **** ABTRACT: The purpose of this study is to investigate the economic dynamics of Bogotá, the capital city of Colombia, and its neighboring municipalities over the first two decades of the 21st Century. The main motivation surged while perceiving a minor economic growth observed during 2016 and 2017, below the one observed after the international financial crisis. In 2014 the deterioration of the terms of trade and the following transitory supply shocks had an impact on the regional economies all over the country. Bogotá obtained low levels of growth in 2016 and 2017 after reaching 4.3% on average between 2010 and 2014. In the middle of the macroeconomic adjustment process, we investigated the performance of the capital’s economic activities, with special concern in the manufacturing industry. We observe a close relation in Bogotá between the real industry production and the consumer confidence index during the last period. On the other hand, although the municipalities continue to xpand their economies in the peripheral area of Bogota, the capital city gathers an active consumption development and industrial production, in addition to the progress of professional, scientific, technical and managerial services, closely related to technology and communication activities.

Suggested Citation

  • María Aguilera-Díaz & Rocío Mora-Quiñones & Carolina Ramírez-Rodríguez, 2020. "Bogotá y área de influencia: Tendencias económicas en las primeras dos décadas del siglo XXI," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 291, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:291
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.32468/dtseru.291
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bogotá; economía regional; calidad de vida; desarrollo económico; Bogotá; regional economy; quality of life; economic development;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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