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Eficiencia de los establecimientos bancarios (EB): una aproximación mediante modelos DEA

  • Javier E. Pirateque

    ()

  • José H. Piñeros

    ()

  • Linda Mondragón

    ()

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    Este documento analiza la eficiencia (técnica, de escala, de costos y asignativa) del sistema bancario colombiano entre 2000-2012, utilizando la metodología DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis). Ésta se basa en funciones de producción individuales de las entidades que componen el sistema, contraria a los métodos paramétricos. Dicha metodología tuvo en cuenta el enfoque de producción, el cual permite incorporar diversos tipos de productos y servicios financieros de carácter heterogéneo, convirtiéndose en un enfoque alternativo al presentado en otros trabajos en Colombia. Los resultados de la eficiencia, después de la crisis financiera de finales de los noventa, mostraban sus más bajos niveles del período analizado; luego, para los años siguientes se observó una mejora sistemática que se acentuó entre 2006 y 2008. Posteriormente, la eficiencia fue alterada por cambios en la dinámica de la producción de la industria bancaria, en donde variables externas pudieron haberla afectado. También se encontró que las entidades nacionales fueron más eficientes que las extranjeras durante el período de estudio. Cuando se agrupan por tamaño, no se halló evidencia clara de que las entidades grandes hayan tenido un mayor nivel de eficiencia que el de las pequeñas. Finalmente, se demostró que los determinantes de la eficiencia no solo están relacionados con la gestión de intermediación propia de cada banco, sino también con variables ambientales que trascienden la gestión individual.

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    File URL: http://www.banrep.org/sites/default/files/publicaciones/archivos/be_798.pdf
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    Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 798.

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    Length: 39
    Date of creation: Dec 2013
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:798
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    1. Banker, Rajiv D. & Chang, Hsihui & Lee, Seok-Young, 2010. "Differential impact of Korean banking system reforms on bank productivity," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(7), pages 1450-1460, July.
    2. Dairo Estrada & Poldy Osorio, . "Effects of Financial Capital on Colombian Banking Efficiency," Borradores de Economia 292, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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    6. Jorge Eduardo Galán Camacho & Miguel Sarmiento Paipilla, 2007. "Banknote Printing At Modern Central Banking:Trends, Costs, And Efficiency," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 004393, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    7. Karligash Kenjegalieva & Richard Simper, 2010. "A Productivity analysis of Eastern European banking taking into account risk decomposition and environmental variables," Discussion Paper Series 2010_02, Department of Economics, Loughborough University, revised Jan 2010.
    8. Alejandro BADEL FLOREZ, 2002. "Sistema Bancario Colombiano: ¿Somos eficientes a nivel internacional?," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 003500, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
    9. Koetter, Michael & Karmann, Alexander & Fiorentino, Elisabetta, 2006. "The cost efficiency of German banks: a comparison of SFA and DEA," Discussion Paper Series 2: Banking and Financial Studies 2006,10, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
    10. Portela, Maria C.A.S. & Thanassoulis, Emmanuel, 2010. "Malmquist-type indices in the presence of negative data: An application to bank branches," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(7), pages 1472-1483, July.
    11. Dairo Estrada & Poldy Osorio, 2004. "Effects Of Financial Capital On Colombian Banking Efficiency," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002432, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    12. Igor Jemric & Boris Vujcic, 2002. "Efficiency of Banks in Croatia: A DEA Approach*," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 44(2-3), pages 169-193, September.
    13. Allen N. Berger & David B. Humphrey, 1997. "Efficiency of Financial Institutions: International Survey and Directions for Future Research," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 97-05, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
    14. Dairo Estrada & Poldy Osorio, 2004. "Effects Of Financial Capital On Colombian Banking Efficiency," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE.
    15. Andrew Worthington, 2001. "An Empirical Survey of Frontier Efficiency Measurement Techniques in Education," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(3), pages 245-268.
    16. Ghosh, Saibal, 2009. "Financial Deregulation and Profit Efficiency: A Non-parametric Analysis of Indian Banks," MPRA Paper 24292, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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