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Eficiencia en Costos,Cambios en las Condiciones Generales del Mercado y Crisis en la Banca Colombiana: 1992-2002

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  • Michel Janna Gandur

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Abstract

El presente estudio estima una frontera estocástica de costos con el fin de cuantificar el nivel de ineficiencia absoluta del sector bancario colombiano entre 1992 y 2002. Al mismo tiempo, se proponen distintos determinantes potenciales de dicha ineficiencia. dado que la industria bancaria ha experimentado grandes transformaciones durante los noventa, como resultado de importantes cambios regulatorios y de la crisis finaciera del 1998-1999, no sólo se incluyeron variables que revelan la idiosincrasia de cada banco, sino también variables comunes a todos los bancos que caracterizan el entorno general de su mercado. Los resultados muestran que tanto la carga regulatoria, como el ciclo económico y el grado de concentración de la banca, guardan una relación positiva con el nivel de ineficiencia de la industria. EL estudio concluye que buena parte de las mejoras en eficiencia anteriores a 1997 se pueden atribuir a cambios favorables en estas condiciones de entorno. Sin embargo, la crisis financiera cambió drásticamente esta situación pues luego de esta (a partir de 1999), las mejoras posteriores en eficiencia se explican por esfuerzos específicos de cada banco por re-enfocar su estructura productiva, y no a un entorno general más favorable en términos del ahorro en costos.

Suggested Citation

  • Michel Janna Gandur, 2003. "Eficiencia en Costos,Cambios en las Condiciones Generales del Mercado y Crisis en la Banca Colombiana: 1992-2002," Borradores de Economia 260, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:260
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Diego Restrepo-Tobón & Jim Sánchez-González, 2018. "Measuring Profit Efficiency of Colombian Banks: A Composite Nonstandard Profit Function Approach," Documentos de Trabajo CIEF 016789, Universidad EAFIT.
    2. María Inés Agudelo & Clark Granger, 2017. "Preparation for a systemic financial crisis in Colombia. Resolution framework, evidence and lessons learned," Borradores de Economia 1031, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Carolina Ortega Londoño & Diego Restrepo, 2018. "Transmission of Monetary Policy and Bank Heterogeneity in Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo CIEF 016987, Universidad EAFIT.
    4. Carolina Ortega Londoño, 2018. "Transmission of Monetary Policy and Bank Heterogeneity in Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo CIEF 016792, Universidad EAFIT.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Frontera Estocástica; Costos; eficiencia; Bancos;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • D20 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - General
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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