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Measuring Profit Efficiency of Colombian Banks: A Composite Nonstandard Profit Function Approach

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  • Diego Restrepo-Tobón

    ()

  • Jim Sánchez-González

    ()

Abstract

We analyze the profit efficiency of the Colombian banking industry during theperiod 2001 - 2013. Unlike previous studies, we estimate revenue and cost efficiencyseparately and then compute profit efficiency as a composite measure of both costand revenue efficiency. This approach overcomes the mis-specification problems ofthe traditional nonstandard profit function approach used in most of the literatureregarding profit efficiency. We find that profit efficiency improved during the periodunder analysis mainly because gains in revenue efficiency. In addition, and in contrastwith previous studies but in line with economic intuition, we find that while revenue andcost efficiency tend to be negatively correlated, each correlates positively with profitefficiency. Thus, improving either revenue efficiency or cost efficiency has a positiveimpact on profit efficiency.
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Suggested Citation

  • Diego Restrepo-Tobón & Jim Sánchez-González, 2018. "Measuring Profit Efficiency of Colombian Banks: A Composite Nonstandard Profit Function Approach," Documentos de Trabajo CIEF 016986, Universidad EAFIT.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000122:016986
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Dairo Estrada & Poldy Osorio, 2004. "Effects of Financial Capital on Colombian Banking Efficiency," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 22(47), pages 162-201, December.
    2. García-Suaza, Andrés Felipe & Gómez-González, José E., 2010. "The competing risks of acquiring and being acquired: Evidence from Colombia's financial sector," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 437-449, December.
    3. Bos, J.W.B. & Koetter, M. & Kolari, J.W. & Kool, C.J.M., 2009. "Effects of heterogeneity on bank efficiency scores," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 195(1), pages 251-261, May.
    4. Hung-Jen Wang, 2002. "Heteroscedasticity and Non-Monotonic Efficiency Effects of a Stochastic Frontier Model," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 18(3), pages 241-253, November.
    5. Michel Janna Gandur, 2003. "Eficiencia en Costos,Cambios en las Condiciones Generales del Mercado y Crisis en la Banca Colombiana: 1992-2002," Borradores de Economia 260, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    6. Berger, Allen N. & Humphrey, David B. & Pulley, Lawrence B., 1996. "Do consumers pay for one-stop banking? Evidence from an alternative revenue function," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 20(9), pages 1601-1621, November.
    7. Michel Janna Gandur, 2003. "Eficiencia en Costos, Cambios en las Condiciones Generales del Mercado y Crisis en la Banca Colombiana 1992-2002," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002442, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    8. Jorge David Quintero Otero & Hans Peter García Rico, 2006. "Eficiencia en costos en el sistema bancario colombiano: 1989-2003," Revista Semestre Económico, Universidad de Medellín, November.
    9. Leonardo Villar Gómez, 2004. "Inflación y finanzas públicas," Borradores de Economia 291, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets

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