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Financial Deregulation and Profit Efficiency: A Non-parametric Analysis of Indian Banks

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  • Ghosh, Saibal

Abstract

The paper investigates the performance of Indian commercial banking sector during the post reform period 1992-2004. The results indicate high levels of efficiency in costs and lower levels in profits, reflecting the importance of inefficiencies on the revenue side of banking activity. The decomposition of profit efficiency shows that a large portion of outlay lost is due to allocative inefficiency. The proximate determinants of profit efficiency appears to suggest that big state-owned banks performed reasonably well and are more likely to operate at higher levels of profit efficiency. A close relationship is observed between efficiency and soundness as determined by bank’s capital adequacy ratio. The empirical results also show that the profit efficient banks are those that have, on an average, less non-performing loans.

Suggested Citation

  • Ghosh, Saibal, 2009. "Financial Deregulation and Profit Efficiency: A Non-parametric Analysis of Indian Banks," MPRA Paper 24292, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:24292
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Stephanie McWhinnie & Kofi Otumawu-Apreku, 2013. "Evaluating Profit Efficiency of the South Australian Rock Lobster Fishery: Nerlovian and Directional Distance Function Approach," School of Economics Working Papers 2013-18, University of Adelaide, School of Economics.
    2. Ghosh, Chinmoy & Hilliard, James & Petrova, Milena & Phani, B.V., 2016. "Economic consequences of deregulation: Evidence from the removal of voting cap in Indian banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 72(S), pages 19-38.
    3. Melek Acar Boyacioglu & Ibrah?M Erem Sahin & Ramazan Aktas, 2014. "A Comparison Of The Financial Efficiencies Of Commercial Banks And Participation Banks: The Case Of Turkey," Proceedings of International Academic Conferences 0301797, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences.
    4. Ghosh, Saibal, 2010. "Credit Growth, Bank Soundness and Financial Fragility: Evidence from Indian Banking Sector," MPRA Paper 24715, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Ghosh, Saibal, 2013. "Macroprudential regulation and bank performance:Does ownership matter?," MPRA Paper 65212, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Fadzlan Sufian, 2012. "Determinants of multinational banks’ subsidiary performance: the host and home country effects," Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 28(2), pages 130-155, February.
    7. repec:rjr:romjef:v::y:2018:i:2:p:95-117 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Juo, Jia-Ching & Fu, Tsu-Tan & Yu, Ming-Miin, 2012. "Non-oriented slack-based decompositions of profit change with an application to Taiwanese banking," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 550-561.
    9. repec:pid:journl:v:56:y:2017:i:2:p:85-103 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Juo, Jia-Ching & Fu, Tsu-Tan & Yu, Ming-Miin & Lin, Yu-Hui, 2015. "Profit-oriented productivity change," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 57(PB), pages 176-187.
    11. Saibal Ghosh, 2010. "How Did State-Owned Banks Respond To Privatization? Evidence From The Indian Experiment," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 81(3), pages 389-421, September.
    12. Mostak Ahamed, M., 2017. "Asset quality, non-interest income, and bank profitability: Evidence from Indian banks," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 1-14.
    13. Kai Du, 2014. "Efficiency Gains from Removing Trade Barriers: Evidence from Asian Banking Industries," School of Economics Working Papers 2014-04, University of Adelaide, School of Economics.
    14. Sunil Kumar, 2013. "Banking reforms and the evolution of cost efficiency in Indian public sector banks," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 46(2), pages 143-182, May.
    15. Ghosh, Saibal, 2009. "Does activity mix and funding strategy vary across ownership? Evidence from Indian banks," MPRA Paper 32070, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Javier E. Pirateque & José H. Piñeros & Linda Mondragón, 2013. "Eficiencia de los establecimientos bancarios (EB): una aproximación mediante modelos DEA," Borradores de Economia 798, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    17. Saibal Gosh, 2011. "Does activity mix and funding strategy vary across ownership?," Economic Analysis Working Papers (2002-2010). Atlantic Review of Economics (2011-2016), Colexio de Economistas de A Coruña, Spain and Fundación Una Galicia Moderna, vol. 1, pages 1-1, June.
    18. Gulati, Rachita & Kumar, Sunil, 2016. "Assessing the impact of the global financial crisis on the profit efficiency of Indian banks," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 167-181.
    19. Zhang, Jianhua & Jiang, Chunxia & Qu, Baozhi & Wang, Peng, 2013. "Market concentration, risk-taking, and bank performance: Evidence from emerging economies," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 149-157.
    20. Jia-Ching Juo, 2014. "Decomposing the change in profit of Taiwanese banks: incorporating risk," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 41(2), pages 247-262, April.
    21. Asish Saha & Umakant Dash, 2016. "Consolidation in Indian banking: Does size matter?," DECISION: Official Journal of the Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, Springer;Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, vol. 43(3), pages 223-238, September.
    22. Lee, Tung-Hao & Chih, Shu-Hwa, 2013. "Does financial regulation affect the profit efficiency and risk of banks? Evidence from China's commercial banks," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 705-724.
    23. Ibrahim, Mansor H., 2015. "Issues in Islamic banking and finance: Islamic banks, Shari’ah-compliant investment and sukuk," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 185-191.
    24. Ghosh, Saibal, 2013. "Macroprudential Regulation and Bank Performance: Evidence from India," MPRA Paper 51226, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    25. Stephanie McWhinnie & Kofi Otumawu-Apreku, 2013. "Profit Efficiency of the South Australian Rock Lobster Fishery: Nerlovian and Directional Distance Function Approach," School of Economics Working Papers 2013-13, University of Adelaide, School of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Indian Banks; Deregulation; Profit efficiency; DEA model;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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