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Patrones de Desarrollo y Fuentes de Crecimiento de la Agricultura

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  • Salomón Kalmanovitz

    ()

  • Enrique López

    ()

Abstract

La estructura económica de un país se transforma en el curso de su desarrollo. La población migra de las actividades de baja productividad en el campo hacia las mejor remuneradas en la construcción, los servicios y la industria que se concentran en las ciudades. A su vez, la agricultura y en menor medida la ganadería van adquiriendo una organización industrial: Contratan trabajadores asalariados, arriendan tierras para cultivos temporales o las adquieren para establecer plantaciones, y se mecanizan, de acuerdo con las necesidades, los precios relativos y las políticas públicas. Así como se eleva la productividad de las actividades urbanas, la atención de los crecientes mercados y la competencia inducen al sector agropecuario a combinar de mejor manera los factores productivos, a reducir costos y a elevar también su productividad.

Suggested Citation

  • Salomón Kalmanovitz & Enrique López, 2004. "Patrones de Desarrollo y Fuentes de Crecimiento de la Agricultura," Borradores de Economia 288, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:288
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2001. "The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(5), pages 1369-1401, December.
    2. Punyasavatsut, Chaiyuth & Coxhead, Ian, 2002. "On the Decline of Agriculture in Developing Countries: A Reinterpretation of the Evidence," Staff Paper Series 457, University of Wisconsin, Agricultural and Applied Economics.
    3. Stanley L. Engerman & Kenneth Lee Sokoloff, 2002. "Factor Endowments, Inequality, and Paths of Development Among New World Economies," ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, vol. 0(Fall 2002), pages 41-110, August.
    4. Mauricio Cárdenas, 2007. "Economic Growth In Colombia: A Reversal Of ‘Fortune’?," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 25(53), pages 220-259, January.
    5. Douglas Gollin & Stephen Parente & Richard Rogerson, 2002. "The Role of Agriculture in Development," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, pages 160-164.
    6. Krueger, Anne O & Schiff, Maurice & Valdes, Alberto, 1988. "Agricultural Incentives in Developing Countries: Measuring the Effect of Sectoral and Economywide Policies," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 2(3), pages 255-271, September.
    7. Martin, Will & Warr, Peter G, 1993. "Explaining the Relative Decline of Agriculture: A Supply-Side Analysis for Indonesia," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 7(3), pages 381-401, September.
    8. Mundlak, Yair, 2001. "Production and supply," Handbook of Agricultural Economics,in: B. L. Gardner & G. C. Rausser (ed.), Handbook of Agricultural Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 1, pages 3-85 Elsevier.
    9. Balcázar Vanegas, Alvaro & López, Nelson & Orozco, Martha Lucía & Vega, Margarita, 2001. "Colombia: alcances y lecciones de su experiencia en reforma agraria," Desarrollo Productivo 109, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    10. Daniele Giovannucci & José Leibovich & Diego Pizano & Banco Mundial, 2002. "Colombia Coffee Sector Study," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 002135, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    11. Alvaro Balcazar & Nelson López & Martha Lucía Orozco & Margarita Vega, 2001. "Colombia: alcances y lecciones de su experiencia en reforma agraria," DOCUMENTOS DE INVESTIGACION 002141, CEPAL NACIONES UNIDAS.
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    Cited by:

    1. Vélez Tamayo, Julián Mauricio, 2013. "Medellín: Una ciudad hacia el sector servicios y los efectos en el empleo
      [Medellin: a city to service sector and the employment effects]
      ," MPRA Paper 58742, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Jaime Bonet, 2007. "La terciarización de las estructuras económicas regionales en Colombia," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.

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