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Geography, productivity and trade: does selection explain why some locations are more productive than others?

Author

Listed:
  • Antonio Accetturo

    (Bank of Italy)

  • Valter Di Giacinto

    (Bank of Italy)

  • Giacinto Micucci

    (Bank of Italy)

  • Marcello Pagnini

    (Bank of Italy)

Abstract

Two main hypotheses are usually put forward to explain the productivity advantages of larger cities: agglomeration economies and firm selection. Combes et al. (2012) propose an empirical approach to disentangle these two effects and fail to find any impact of selection on local productivity differences. We theoretically show that selection effects do emerge when asymmetric trade and entry costs and different spatial scale at which agglomeration and selection may work are properly taken into account. The empirical findings confirm that agglomeration effects play a major role. However, they also show a substantial increase in the importance of the selection effect when asymmetric trade costs and a different spatial scale are taken into account.

Suggested Citation

  • Antonio Accetturo & Valter Di Giacinto & Giacinto Micucci & Marcello Pagnini, 2013. "Geography, productivity and trade: does selection explain why some locations are more productive than others?," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 910, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_910_13
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. ADACHI Yusuke & OGAWA Hikaru & TSUBUKU Masafumi, 2022. "Crises and changes in productivity distributions: a regional perspective in Japan," Discussion papers 22041, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    2. KONDO Keisuke & OKUBO Toshihiro, 2020. "The Impact of Market Size on Firm Selection," Discussion papers 20053, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    3. Luigi Buzzacchi & Antonio De Marco & Marcello Pagnini, 2021. "Agglomeration and the Italian North-South divide," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 637, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    4. KONDO Keisuke, 2016. "Testing for Agglomeration Economies and Firm Selection in Spatial Productivity Differences: The case of Japan," Discussion papers 16098, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    5. Yusuke Adachi & Hikaru Ogawa & Masafumi Tsubuku, 2022. "Measuring productivity dynamics in Japan: a quantile approach," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 63(1), pages 201-242, July.
    6. Roberto Antonietti & Chiara Burlina, 2019. "From variety to economic complexity: empirical evidence from Italian regions," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1930, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Oct 2019.
    7. Concetta Rondinelli & Roberta Zizza, 2020. "Spend today or spend tomorrow? The role of inflation expectations in consumer behaviour," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1276, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    8. Anna Ferragina & Fernanda Mazzotta, 2015. "Agglomeration economies in Italy: impact on heterogeneous firms’ exit in a multilevel framework," Economia e Politica Industriale: Journal of Industrial and Business Economics, Springer;Associazione Amici di Economia e Politica Industriale, vol. 42(4), pages 395-440, December.
    9. Yao, Yongling & Pan, Haozhi & Cui, Xiaoyu & Wang, Zhen, 2022. "Do compact cities have higher efficiencies of agglomeration economies? A dynamic panel model with compactness indicators," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 115(C).
    10. Anthony Howell & Chong Liu & Rudai Yang, 2020. "Explaining the urban premium in Chinese cities and the role of place-based policies," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 52(7), pages 1332-1356, October.
    11. valter di Giacinto & Giacinto Micucci & Alessandro Tosoni, 2018. "Knowledge intensive business services and urban areas: an analysis of localization and productivity on Italian data," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 443, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    12. Daguo Lv & Lingyu Zhang & Ren Lu & Jingtao Yao, 2022. "Industry characteristics and agglomeration of heterogeneous firms," Economia e Politica Industriale: Journal of Industrial and Business Economics, Springer;Associazione Amici di Economia e Politica Industriale, vol. 49(1), pages 31-49, March.
    13. Anna Maria Ferragina & Fernanda Mazzotta, 2014. "Agglomeration economies and global activities: impact on firm survival," ERSA conference papers ersa14p348, European Regional Science Association.
    14. Ding, Chengri & Niu, Yi, 2019. "Market size, competition, and firm productivity for manufacturing in China," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 81-98.
    15. Edilberto Tiago Almeida & Raul Mota Silveira Neto & Jaime Macedo Brito Bastos & Rubens Lopes Pereira Silva, 2021. "Location patterns of service activities in large metropolitan areas: the Case of São Paulo," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 67(2), pages 451-481, October.
    16. Armando Rungi & Francesco Biancalani, 2019. "Heterogeneous Firms and the North–South Divide in Italy," Italian Economic Journal: A Continuation of Rivista Italiana degli Economisti and Giornale degli Economisti, Springer;Società Italiana degli Economisti (Italian Economic Association), vol. 5(3), pages 325-347, October.
    17. Valter Giacinto & Giacinto Micucci & Alessandro Tosoni, 2020. "The agglomeration of knowledge-intensive business services firms," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 65(3), pages 557-590, December.
    18. Kacou, Kacou Yves Thierry & Kassouri, Yacouba & Evrard, Talnan Hongwopena & Altuntaş, Mehmet, 2022. "Trade openness, export structure, and labor productivity in developing countries: Evidence from panel VAR approach," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 194-205.
    19. Valter Di Giacinto & Andrea Sechi & Alessandro Tosoni, 2022. "The performance of Italian Industrial Districts in and out of the 2008-2012 crisis," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 701, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    20. Pierluigi Toma, 2020. "Size and productivity: a conditional approach for Italian pharmaceutical sector," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 54(1), pages 1-12, August.
    21. ADACHI Yusuke & OGAWA Hikaru & TSUBUKU Masafumi, 2019. "Productivity Dynamics during Major Crises in Japan: A Quantile Approach," Discussion papers 19015, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    22. Yang, Yang & Mukhopadhaya, Pundarik & Yu, Zhuangxiong, 2020. "Relationship between city size and firm productivity – A new interpretation using the Chinese experience," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 546-558.
    23. Li, Chunying & Zhang, Jinning & Lyu, Yanwei, 2022. "Does the opening of China railway express promote urban total factor productivity? New evidence based on SDID and SDDD model," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 80(C).
    24. Ziqi Yin & Jianzhai Wu, 2021. "Spatial Dependence Evaluation of Agricultural Technical Efficiency—Based on the Stochastic Frontier and Spatial Econometric Model," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(5), pages 1-12, March.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    agglomeration economies; firm selection; market size; entry costs; openness to trade;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity

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