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On the development strategy of countries of intermediate size - An analysis of heterogenous firms in a multiregion framework

  • Forslid, Rikard
  • Okubo, Toshihiro

This paper compares two policies: trade cost reduction and firm relocation cost reduction using a three-country version of a heterogeneous-firms economic geography model, where the three countries have different market (population) size. We show how the effects of the two policies differ, in particular, for the country of intermediate size. Unless the intermediate country is very small, it will gain industry when relocation costs are reduced, but lose industry when trade costs are reduced. The smallest country loses industry in both cases, but only experiences lower welfare in the case of lower relocation costs. Thus, the ranking of the policies from the point of view of the two small and intermediate countries tends to be the opposite.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 8178.

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Date of creation: Jan 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:8178
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  1. Rikard Forslid & Toshihiro Okubo, 2010. "On the development strategy of countries of intermediate size -An analysis of heterogenous firms in a multiregion framework," Discussion Paper Series DP2010-36, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University.
  2. PierrePhilippe Combes & Gilles Duranton & Laurent Gobillon & Diego Puga & Sébastien Roux, 2009. "The Productivity Advantages of Large Cities: Distinguishing Agglomeration from Firm Selection," SERC Discussion Papers 0027, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
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  12. Del Gatto, Massimo & Ottaviano, Gianmarco & Pagnini, Marcello, 2007. "Openness to Trade and Industry Cost Dispersion: Evidence from a Panel of Italian Firms," CEPR Discussion Papers 6336, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  17. Richard E. Baldwin & Toshihiro Okubo, 2006. "Heterogeneous firms, agglomeration and economic geography: spatial selection and sorting," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(3), pages 323-346, June.
  18. Raul Livas Elizondo & Paul Krugman, 1992. "Trade Policy and the Third World Metropolis," NBER Working Papers 4238, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  19. Chad Syverson, 2007. "PRICES, SPATIAL COMPETITION AND HETEROGENEOUS PRODUCERS: AN EMPIRICAL TEST -super-* ," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(2), pages 197-222, 06.
  20. Takanori Ago & Ikumo Isono & Takatoshi Tabuchi, 2006. "Locational disadvantage of the hub," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 40(4), pages 819-848, December.
  21. K.H. Midelfart & H.G. Overman & S.J. Redding & A.J. Venables, 2000. "The location of European industry," European Economy - Economic Papers 142, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
  22. Forslid, Rikard, 2003. "Regional Policy, Integration and the Location of Industry," Research Papers in Economics 2003:7, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
  23. Yeaple, Stephen & Helpman, Elhanan & Melitz, Marc, 2004. "Export versus FDI with Heterogeneous Firms," Scholarly Articles 3229098, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  24. Toshihiro Okubo & Vincent Rebeyrol, 2006. "Home Market Effect, regulation costs and heterogeneous firms," Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques bla06056, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
  25. Hisamitsu Saito & Munisamy Gopinath & JunJie Wu, 2011. "Heterogeneous firms, trade liberalization and agglomeration," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 44(2), pages 541-560, May.
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