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How Would Monetary Policy Look Like if John Rawls Had Been Hired as a Chairman of the Fed?

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  • Marta B. M. Areosa
  • Waldyr D. Areosa
  • Pierre Monnin

Abstract

Using a textbook New Keynesian model extended with an inequality channel, we examine optimal monetary policy departing from the traditional utilitarian social welfare function, to consider alternative functions, including the Rawlsian approach of putting only weight to the agent with the lowest welfare level. Our main results show the optimal responses from a Rawlsian monetary authority are: (i) a less aggressive monetary tightening, but inducing a more pronounced drop in inflation after a monetary shock; (ii) a monetary policy easing after an increase in government spending and (iii) a more pronounced drop in the interest rate after a positive total factor productivity shock.

Suggested Citation

  • Marta B. M. Areosa & Waldyr D. Areosa & Pierre Monnin, 2016. "How Would Monetary Policy Look Like if John Rawls Had Been Hired as a Chairman of the Fed?," Working Papers Series 447, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:bcb:wpaper:447
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    File URL: https://www.bcb.gov.br/pec/wps/ingl/wps447.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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