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Inflation Target at Risk: A Time-varying Parameter Distributional Regression

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  • Yunyun Wang
  • Tatsushi Oka
  • Dan Zhu

Abstract

Macro variables frequently display time-varying distributions, driven by the dynamic and evolving characteristics of economic, social, and environmental factors that consistently reshape the fundamental patterns and relationships governing these variables. To better understand the distributional dynamics beyond the central tendency, this paper introduces a novel semi-parametric approach for constructing time-varying conditional distributions, relying on the recent advances in distributional regression. We present an efficient precision-based Markov Chain Monte Carlo algorithm that simultaneously estimates all model parameters while explicitly enforcing the monotonicity condition on the conditional distribution function. Our model is applied to construct the forecasting distribution of inflation for the U.S., conditional on a set of macroeconomic and financial indicators. The risks of future inflation deviating excessively high or low from the desired range are carefully evaluated. Moreover, we provide a thorough discussion about the interplay between inflation and unemployment rates during the Global Financial Crisis, COVID, and the third quarter of 2023.

Suggested Citation

  • Yunyun Wang & Tatsushi Oka & Dan Zhu, 2024. "Inflation Target at Risk: A Time-varying Parameter Distributional Regression," Papers 2403.12456, arXiv.org.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:2403.12456
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