Dynamic Linkages between Tokyo and Osaka Rice Futures Markets in Prewar Japan
In this study, we examine how the rice futures market in prewar Japan evolved in light of changes in market efficiency over time. Using a non-Bayesian time-varying VAR model, we compute the time-varying degree of market efficiency of the rice futures exchanges in Tokyo and Osaka. Then, we demonstrate that the markets experienced three periods of significantly low market efficiency during government interventions: first, in 1890 in Osaka; second, in the early 1900s in Tokyo; and third, in the early 1920s in both Tokyo and Osaka.
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