Avaliação De Políticas Comerciais Em Modelos De Equilíbrio Geral Com Pressuposições Alternativas Quanto Aos Retornos À Escala
This paper presents an applied general equilibrium model used to quantify the impacts of trade policies on Brazil and its trade partners, under alternative assumptions of constante returns and perfect competition and economies of scale and imperfect competition. The results suggest that the welfare impacts are larger when economies of scale and imperfect competition are modeled. The exploitation of economies of scale contributes to this result, through rationalization and pro-competitive effects on the Brazilian industries. Also, decreasing in comsumer prices and increasing in returns of primary factors are larger under assumptions of economies of scale and imperfect competition.
|Date of creation:||2004|
|Date of revision:|
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|Order Information:|| Postal: Secretaria da ANPEC Rua Prof Marcos Valdemar de Freitas Reis s/n Campus do Gragoatá Bloco F Niterói, RJ 24210-201 Brazil|
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- Harris, Richard, 1984.
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- Gurgel, Ângelo Costa & Bitencourt, Mayra Batista & teixeira, Erly Cardoso, 2002. "Impactos dos Acordos de Liberalização Comercial Alca e Mercoeuro sobre os Países Membros," Revista Brasileira de Economia, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil), vol. 56(2), April.
- Markusen, James R. & Rutherford, Thomas F. & Hunter, Linda, 1995. "Trade liberalization in a multinational-dominated industry," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(1-2), pages 95-117, February.
- Rutherford, Thomas F., 1995. "Extension of GAMS for complementarity problems arising in applied economic analysis," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 19(8), pages 1299-1324, November.
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