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Transbordamentos de Produtividade na Indústria Brasileira: evidências empíricas 1997-2000

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  • João Emílio Padovani Gonçalves

Abstract

According to the literature on foreign direct investment (FDI) spillovers, when a transnational company (TNC) subsidiary is installed in a hots country, it comes with a package of new technologies that can be transferred to domestic companies, helping them to improve their productivity and competitiveness. In this sense, FDI is a powerful source of technology to developing countries, justifying every sort of incentive to attract foreign investments. In this paper we use firm level data and econometric techniques to assess the existence of productivity spillovers in the Brazilian industry in the 1997-2000 period. In the horizontal spillovers' model we found evidences of technology transfer from TNCs to domestic firms, although not for all firms. Actually we show that when national companies were more exposed to the TNCs competition, negative spillovers occurred. In the vertical spillovers' model we found evidences of positive productivity spillovers taking place through backward linkages.

Suggested Citation

  • João Emílio Padovani Gonçalves, 2004. "Transbordamentos de Produtividade na Indústria Brasileira: evidências empíricas 1997-2000," Anais do XXXII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 32nd Brazilian Economics Meeting] 057, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
  • Handle: RePEc:anp:en2004:057
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Antonelli, Cristiano, 2001. "The Microeconomics of Technological Systems," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199245536.
    2. Fernanda de Negri, 2003. "Desempenho Comercial das Empresas Estrangeiras no Brasil na Década de 90: uma Análise de Dados em Painel," Anais do XXXI Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 31st Brazilian Economics Meeting] d25, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    3. Flôres Junior, Renato Galvão & Fontoura, Maria Paula & Santos, Rogério Guerra, 2002. "Foreign direct investment spillovers: additional lessons from a country study," FGV/EPGE Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 455, FGV/EPGE - Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
    4. Ronald Findlay, 1978. "Relative Backwardness, Direct Foreign Investment, and the Transfer of Technology: A Simple Dynamic Model," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 92(1), pages 1-16.
    5. Magnus Blomström & Ari Kokko, 2002. "FDI and Human Capital: A Research Agenda," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 195, OECD Publishing.
    6. Beata Smarzynska Javorcik, 2004. "Does Foreign Direct Investment Increase the Productivity of Domestic Firms? In Search of Spillovers Through Backward Linkages," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(3), pages 605-627, June.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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