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Transbordamentos de Produtividade na Indústria Brasileira: evidências empíricas 1997-2000

  • João Emílio Padovani Gonçalves
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    According to the literature on foreign direct investment (FDI) spillovers, when a transnational company (TNC) subsidiary is installed in a hots country, it comes with a package of new technologies that can be transferred to domestic companies, helping them to improve their productivity and competitiveness. In this sense, FDI is a powerful source of technology to developing countries, justifying every sort of incentive to attract foreign investments. In this paper we use firm level data and econometric techniques to assess the existence of productivity spillovers in the Brazilian industry in the 1997-2000 period. In the horizontal spillovers' model we found evidences of technology transfer from TNCs to domestic firms, although not for all firms. Actually we show that when national companies were more exposed to the TNCs competition, negative spillovers occurred. In the vertical spillovers' model we found evidences of positive productivity spillovers taking place through backward linkages.

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    File URL: http://www.anpec.org.br/encontro2004/artigos/A04A057.pdf
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    Paper provided by ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics] in its series Anais do XXXII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 32th Brazilian Economics Meeting] with number 057.

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    Date of creation: 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:anp:en2004:057
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    1. Fernanda de Negri, 2003. "Desempenho Comercial das Empresas Estrangeiras no Brasil na Década de 90: uma Análise de Dados em Painel," Anais do XXXI Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 31th Brazilian Economics Meeting] d25, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    2. Smarzynska, Beata K., 2002. "Does foreign direct investment increase the productivity of domestic firms : in search of spillovers through backward linkages," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2923, The World Bank.
    3. Antonelli, Cristiano, 2001. "The Microeconomics of Technological Systems," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199245536, March.
    4. Findlay, Ronald, 1978. "Relative Backwardness, Direct Foreign Investment, and the Transfer of Technology: A Simple Dynamic Model," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 92(1), pages 1-16, February.
    5. Flôres Junior, Renato Galvão & Fontoura, Maria Paula & Santos, Rogério Guerra, 2002. "Foreign Direct Investment Spillovers: Additional Lessons From a Country Study," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 455, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
    6. Magnus Blomström & Ari Kokko, 2002. "FDI and Human Capital: A Research Agenda," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 195, OECD Publishing.
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