IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/alj/wpaper/01-2020.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Information asymmetry and the choice between rights issue and private placement of equity

Author

Listed:
  • Bipin Sony

    (BASE University)

  • Saumitra Bhadurib

    (Madras School of Economics)

Abstract

This study examines the role of information asymmetry in the choice between rights issue and private equity placement from an important emerging market- India. In the post IPO scenario, Indian firms issue equity mainly through private placements as well as rights issues and follow-on public offers are negligible. We argue that problems associated with information asymmetry trickles down to all levels of equity issues. The outcome of this empirical exercise shows that rights issuers typically face lesser degree of information asymmetry. Further, private placements are chosen by firms facing higher information problems to circumvent information costs. The results remain invariant even after segregating the qualified institutional placements from private equity placement as the firms with information disadvantage choose to place equity privately.

Suggested Citation

  • Bipin Sony & Saumitra Bhadurib, 2020. "Information asymmetry and the choice between rights issue and private placement of equity," BASE University Working Papers 01/2020, BASE University, Bengaluru, India.
  • Handle: RePEc:alj:wpaper:01/2020
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.base.ac.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/BASE-University-WP-Series-01-2020.pdf
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Groen-Xu, Moqi & Massa, Massimo & Mataigne, Virginie & Vermaelen, Theo, 2017. "Choices in Equity Finance A Global Perspective," CEPR Discussion Papers 11987, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. He, William Peng & Lepone, Andrew & Leung, Henry, 2013. "Information asymmetry and the cost of equity capital," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 611-620.
    3. Myers, Stewart C. & Majluf, Nicholas S., 1984. "Corporate financing and investment decisions when firms have information that investors do not have," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 187-221, June.
    4. Jayati Sarkar & Subrata Sarkar & Kaustav Sen, 2012. "A Corporate governance index for large listed companies in India," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2012-009, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
    5. Xin Chang & Sudipto Dasgupta & Gilles Hilary, 2006. "Analyst Coverage and Financing Decisions," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 61(6), pages 3009-3048, December.
    6. Murray Z. Frank & Vidhan K. Goyal, 2009. "Capital Structure Decisions: Which Factors Are Reliably Important?," Financial Management, Financial Management Association International, vol. 38(1), pages 1-37, March.
    7. Bipin Sony & Saumitra Bhaduri, 2018. "Information Asymmetry and Debt–Equity Choice: Evidence from an Emerging Market, India," Review of Market Integration, India Development Foundation, vol. 10(3), pages 228-252, December.
    8. Jetley, Gaurav & Mondal, Shamim S., 2015. "Rights issues and creeping acquisitions in India," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 68-95.
    9. Wolfgang Bessler & Wolfgang Drobetz & Matthias C. Grüninger, 2011. "Information Asymmetry and Financing Decisions," International Review of Finance, International Review of Finance Ltd., vol. 11(1), pages 123-154, March.
    10. Slovin, Myron B. & Sushka, Marie E. & Hudson, Carl D., 1990. "External monitoring and its effect on seasoned common stock issues," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 397-417, March.
    11. Derrien, François & Kecskés, Ambrus & Mansi, Sattar A., 2016. "Information asymmetry, the cost of debt, and credit events: Evidence from quasi-random analyst disappearances," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 295-311.
    12. Dann, Larry Y. & DeAngelo, Harry, 1988. "Corporate financial policy and corporate control : A study of defensive adjustments in asset and ownership structure," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(1-2), pages 87-127, January.
    13. Chakraborty, Indrani, 2010. "Capital structure in an emerging stock market: The case of India," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 295-314, September.
    14. Cronqvist, Henrik & Nilsson, Mattias, 2005. "The choice between rights offerings and private equity placements," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(2), pages 375-407, November.
    15. Suichen Xu & Janice How & Peter Verhoeven & Tom Smith, 2017. "Corporate governance and private placement issuance in Australia," Accounting and Finance, Accounting and Finance Association of Australia and New Zealand, vol. 57(3), pages 907-933, September.
    16. Gomes, Armando & Phillips, Gordon, 2012. "Why do public firms issue private and public securities?," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 619-658.
    17. Autore, Don M. & Kovacs, Tunde, 2010. "Equity issues and temporal variation in information asymmetry," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 12-23, January.
    18. Delcoure, Natalya, 2007. "The determinants of capital structure in transitional economies," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 400-415.
    19. Chi-Chun Liu & Ni-Yun Chen, 2015. "Earnings Surprises in Analysts' Forecasts, Mandatory Disclosure, and Share Repurchases," Abacus, Accounting Foundation, University of Sydney, vol. 51(1), pages 63-85, March.
    20. DeAngelo, Harry & DeAngelo, Linda & Stulz, René M., 2010. "Seasoned equity offerings, market timing, and the corporate lifecycle," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(3), pages 275-295, March.
    21. Tan, Ruth S. K. & Chng, P. L. & Tong, Y. H., 2002. "Private placements and rights issues in Singapore," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 29-54, January.
    22. Wu, YiLin, 2004. "The choice of equity-selling mechanisms," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 93-119, October.
    23. Sreedhar T. Bharath & Paolo Pasquariello & Guojun Wu, 2009. "Does Asymmetric Information Drive Capital Structure Decisions?," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 22(8), pages 3211-3243, August.
    24. Kai Li & Xinlei Zhao, 2008. "Asymmetric Information and Dividend Policy," Financial Management, Financial Management Association International, vol. 37(4), pages 673-694, December.
    25. David J. Brophy & Paige P. Ouimet & Clemens Sialm, 2004. "PIPE Dreams? The Performance of Companies Issuing Equity Privately," NBER Working Papers 11011, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    26. Shu, Pei-Gi & Chiang, Sue-Jane, 2014. "Firm size, timing, and earnings management of seasoned equity offerings," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 177-194.
    27. Chen, Hsuan-Chi & Dai, Na & Schatzberg, John D., 2010. "The choice of equity selling mechanisms: PIPEs versus SEOs," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 104-119, February.
    28. Giuseppe Di Martino & Federico Busatto, 2018. "Equity Rights Issue and Dilutive Effect: Evidence from Italian Listed Companies," International Business Research, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 11(10), pages 94-110, October.
    29. Hertzel, Michael G & Smith, Richard L, 1993. "Market Discounts and Shareholder Gains for Placing Equity Privately," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 48(2), pages 459-485, June.
    30. Saumitra Bhaduri, 2015. "Why do Firms Issue Equity?," Journal of Emerging Market Finance, Institute for Financial Management and Research, vol. 14(1), pages 59-85, April.
    31. Alexander Kurshev & Ilya A. Strebulaev, 2015. "Firm Size and Capital Structure," Quarterly Journal of Finance (QJF), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 5(03), pages 1-46, September.
    32. Shi, Jinyan & Yu, Conghui & Guo, Sicen & Li, Yanxi, 2020. "Market effects of private equity placement: Evidence from Chinese equity and bond markets," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 53(C).
    33. Robert M. Bowen & Xia Chen & Qiang Cheng, 2008. "Analyst Coverage and the Cost of Raising Equity Capital: Evidence from Underpricing of Seasoned Equity Offerings," Contemporary Accounting Research, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 25(3), pages 657-700, September.
    34. Dai, Na, 2011. "Monitoring via staging: Evidence from Private investments in public equity," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(12), pages 3417-3431.
    35. Dahiya, Sandeep & Klapper, Leora & Parthasarathy, Harini & Singer, Dorothe, 2017. "Equity raising by Asian firms: Choosing between PIPEs and SEOs," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 64-83.
    36. Otsubo, Minoru, 2017. "Why do firms underwrite private placement shares of other firms? Case of Japanese firms," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 75-92.
    37. Wu, Xueping & Wang, Zheng & Yao, Jun, 2016. "A Rent-Protection Explanation for SEO Flotation-Method Choice," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 51(3), pages 1039-1069, June.
    38. Satish Kumar & Sisira Colombage & Purnima Rao, 2017. "Research on capital structure determinants: a review and future directions," International Journal of Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 13(2), pages 106-132, April.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Sony, Bipin & Bhaduri, Saumitra, 2021. "Information asymmetry and financing choice between debt, equity and dual issues by Indian firms," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 90-101.
    2. Bipin Sony & Saumitra Bhaduri, 2018. "Information Asymmetry and Debt–Equity Choice: Evidence from an Emerging Market, India," Review of Market Integration, India Development Foundation, vol. 10(3), pages 228-252, December.
    3. Jia, Gang & Li, Wanli & Zhang, He, 2019. "Impact of entrenched ultimate owners’ self-dealing on SEO methods choice and discounts of private placements––Evidence from listed companies in China," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 404-422.
    4. Huang, Yong & Uchida, Konari & Yu, Xuanying & Zha, Daolin, 2021. "Market timing in private equity placements: Empirical evidence from China," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 69(C).
    5. Dahiya, Sandeep & Klapper, Leora & Parthasarathy, Harini & Singer, Dorothe, 2017. "Equity raising by Asian firms: Choosing between PIPEs and SEOs," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 64-83.
    6. Zeeshan Ahmed & Qasim Saleem & Abdul Qadir Bhatti & Bilal Ahmed, 2020. "Corporate Leverage Transmission under Information Asymmetry: Evidence from Non-financial Firms of Pakistan," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 10(4), pages 176-184.
    7. Liang, Hsiao-Chen & Jang, Woan-Yuh, 2013. "Information asymmetry and monitoring in equity private placements," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 53(4), pages 460-475.
    8. Gao, Wenlian & Zhu, Feifei, 2015. "Information asymmetry and capital structure around the world," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 131-159.
    9. Tung Lam Dang & Thi Hong Hanh Huynh & Manh Toan Nguyen & Thi Minh Hue Nguyen, 2017. "The firm information environment and capital structure: international evidence," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(44), pages 4482-4500, September.
    10. Hue Hwa Au Yong & Christine Brown & Choy Yeing (Chloe) Ho & Chander Shekhar, 2021. "Rights issues: Retail shareholders and their participation decisions," International Review of Finance, International Review of Finance Ltd., vol. 21(3), pages 917-944, September.
    11. Anjali Tuli, 2016. "Firms’ Choice of Seasoned Equity Issuance Method—Taking Private or Non-private Route," Global Business Review, International Management Institute, vol. 17(2), pages 400-410, April.
    12. Gustafson, Matthew T. & Iliev, Peter, 2017. "The effects of removing barriers to equity issuance," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 124(3), pages 580-598.
    13. Dang, Man & Puwanenthiren, Premkanth & Thai, Hong An & Mazur, Mieszko & Jones, Edward & Vo, Xuan Vinh, 2021. "Policy uncertainty and seasoned equity offerings methods," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 77(C).
    14. Clausen, Saskia & Flor, Christian Riis, 2015. "The impact of assets-in-place on corporate financing and investment decisions," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 64-80.
    15. John, Kose & Mateti, Ravi S. & Vasudevan, Gopala & Amira, Khaled, 2016. "Investor protection and firm value: Evidence from PIPE offerings," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 78-89.
    16. Kim, Ju Hyun & Song, Kyojik, 2020. "The choice of SEO method in Korea: Rights vs. public offers," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 51(C).
    17. Bortolotti, Bernardo & Megginson, William & Smart, Scott B., 2007. "The Rise of Accelerated Seasoned Equity Underwritings," Privatisation Regulation Corporate Governance Working Papers 12190, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM).
    18. Lim, Jongha & Schwert, Michael & Weisbach, Michael S., 2021. "The economics of PIPEs," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 45(C).
    19. Adrian Melia & Paul Docherty & Steve Easton, 2020. "The impact of regulation on the seasoned equity offering decision," Australian Journal of Management, Australian School of Business, vol. 45(1), pages 94-113, February.
    20. Pradip Banerjee & Soumya Guha Deb, 2015. "The Choice between QIP and Rights Issue: Evidence from India," Global Business Review, International Management Institute, vol. 16(5_suppl), pages 155-174, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital structure; Information Asymmetry; Rights Issue; Private placement of Equity; Emerging economy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:alj:wpaper:01/2020. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/basebin.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Indrani (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/basebin.html .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.