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Firm size, timing, and earnings management of seasoned equity offerings

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  • Shu, Pei-Gi
  • Chiang, Sue-Jane

Abstract

Rangan (1998), and Teoh, Wong, and Rao (1998) maintain that the short-term overperformance and long-term underperformance of seasoned equity offerings (SEOs) are due to earnings management, whereas Loughran and Ritter (1997), Baker and Wurgler (2002) and Cohen, Papadaki, and Siougle (2007) attribute them to the timing of share placement by issuing firms. The present authors propose that large and small firms treat their seasoned equity differently: small firms time the market, whereas large firms use discretionary accruals to increase their proceeds. We verify this hypothesis using a sample of 463 firms listed on the Taiwan stock exchange. Specifically, for small firms, the timing effect is positively correlated with the firm's short-term wealth and negatively correlated with its long-term wealth. For large firms, earnings management (proxied as discretionary accruals gauged by the modified Jone's model) is positively correlated with short-term wealth and negatively correlated with long-term wealth. The separating equilibrium is unlikely to be conditioned by the issuing firm's flotation methods.

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  • Shu, Pei-Gi & Chiang, Sue-Jane, 2014. "Firm size, timing, and earnings management of seasoned equity offerings," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 177-194.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:reveco:v:29:y:2014:i:c:p:177-194 DOI: 10.1016/j.iref.2013.05.011
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    Cited by:

    1. Chiu, Yung-Chin & Liang, Woan-lih, 2015. "Do firms manipulate earnings before accelerated share repurchases?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 86-95.
    2. Lin, Wen-Chun & Liao, Tsai-Ling, 2015. "Exchange listing type and firm financial reporting behavior," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 234-249.
    3. Huang, Chia-Wei & Ho, Po-Hsin & Lin, Chih-Yung & Yen, Ju-Fang, 2014. "Firm age, idiosyncratic risk, and long-run SEO underperformance," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 246-266.
    4. Chi, Ching Wen & Hung, Ken & Cheng, Hui Wen & Tien Lieu, Pang, 2015. "Family firms and earnings management in Taiwan: Influence of corporate governance," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 88-98.
    5. Andergassen, Rainer, 2016. "Managerial compensation, product market competition and fraud," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 1-15.

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    Firm size; Timing; Earnings management; SEOs;

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