IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

The Effect of Preference for Variety and Portion Size on Consumer s Plate Waste in China s Foodservice Sector


  • Zhigang, X.
  • Zongli, Z.
  • Funing, Z.
  • Junfei, B.


With household disposable income increase, the proportion of food away from home (FAFH) consumption rises rapidly in the total household food consumption. Consumer s plate waste has attracted increasing public, academic, and political attention in recent years. In order to understand the reason that cause plate clearly, this empirical study sheds light on the effect of preference for food variety and average portion size on the plate waste using survey data from 1340 tables of 161 restaurants in Beijing and Lhasa. The key finding suggests that income increase leads more preference for food variety when consumer dining out; and we verify that a consumer is more likely to waste food when variety preference increase by using dining reason as an instrument and average portion size of restaurant increase. Our result implys that the restaurant should reduce the average portion size of dish with residents' income increases, which can reduce the consumer s plate waste. This paper introduces the preference for food variety into the utility function, which makes the utility function of residents FAFH more perfect and more realistic, and we introduce an order decision into the analysis framework, which constitutes a two-step decision to plate waste. Acknowledgement :

Suggested Citation

  • Zhigang, X. & Zongli, Z. & Funing, Z. & Junfei, B., 2018. "The Effect of Preference for Variety and Portion Size on Consumer s Plate Waste in China s Foodservice Sector," 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia 276951, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:iaae18:276951
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.276951

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kallbekken, Steffen & Sælen, Håkon, 2013. "‘Nudging’ hotel guests to reduce food waste as a win–win environmental measure," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 119(3), pages 325-327.
    2. Engstrom, Rebecka & Carlsson-Kanyama, Annika, 2004. "Food losses in food service institutions Examples from Sweden," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 203-213, June.
    3. Liu, Haiyan & Wahl, Thomas I. & Seale, James L. & Bai, Junfei, 2015. "Household composition, income, and food-away-from-home expenditure in urban China," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 97-103.
    4. Bettina A. Lorenz & Monika Hartmann & Stefan Hirsch & Olga Kanz & Nina Langen, 2017. "Determinants of Plate Leftovers in One German Catering Company," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(5), pages 1-17, May.
    5. Yao Liu & Shengkui Cheng & Xiaojie Liu & Xiaochang Cao & Li Xue & Gang Liu, 2016. "Plate Waste in School Lunch Programs in Beijing, China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(12), pages 1-11, December.
    6. Shao‐Hsun Keng & Chun‐Hung Lin, 2005. "Wives’ Value of Time and Food Consumed Away from Home in Taiwan," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 19(3), pages 319-334, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Christopher Malefors & Pieter Callewaert & Per-Anders Hansson & Hanna Hartikainen & Oona Pietiläinen & Ingrid Strid & Christina Strotmann & Mattias Eriksson, 2019. "Towards a Baseline for Food-Waste Quantification in the Hospitality Sector—Quantities and Data Processing Criteria," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(13), pages 1-22, June.
    2. Dolnicar, Sara & Juvan, Emil, 2019. "Drivers of plate waste," Annals of Tourism Research, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 1-1.
    3. Effie Papargyropoulou & Julia K. Steinberger & Nigel Wright & Rodrigo Lozano & Rory Padfield & Zaini Ujang, 2019. "Patterns and Causes of Food Waste in the Hospitality and Food Service Sector: Food Waste Prevention Insights from Malaysia," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(21), pages 1-21, October.
    4. Wallgren, Christine & Höjer, Mattias, 2009. "Eating energy--Identifying possibilities for reduced energy use in the future food supply system," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 5803-5813, December.
    5. Jessica Aschemann-Witzel & Ilona De Hooge & Pegah Amani & Tino Bech-Larsen & Marije Oostindjer, 2015. "Consumer-Related Food Waste: Causes and Potential for Action," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(6), pages 1-21, May.
    6. Teng, Zhijing & Seale, James Jr. & Bai, Junfei & Wahl, Thomas I., 2015. "Employer Subsidized Meals and FAFH Consumption in Urban China," 2015 Annual Meeting, January 31-February 3, 2015, Atlanta, Georgia 196810, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    7. Christina Strotmann & Christine Göbel & Silke Friedrich & Judith Kreyenschmidt & Guido Ritter & Petra Teitscheid, 2017. "A Participatory Approach to Minimizing Food Waste in the Food Industry—A Manual for Managers," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(1), pages 1-21, January.
    8. Yanne Goossens & Thomas G. Schmidt & Manuela Kuntscher, 2020. "Evaluation of Food Waste Prevention Measures—The Use of Fish Products in the Food Service Sector," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(16), pages 1-1, August.
    9. Jovanovic, Nina & Katare, Bhagyashree & Wetzstein, Michael E., 2018. "Take all You Want, but Eat all You Take: Effectiveness of a Financial Incentive on Individual Food Waste," 2018 Annual Meeting, August 5-7, Washington, D.C. 274133, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    10. Chakravarty, Sujoy & Mishra, Rajan, 2019. "Using social norms to reduce paper waste: Results from a field experiment in the Indian Information Technology sector," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 164(C), pages 1-1.
    11. Andi Syah Putra & Guangji Tong & Didit Okta Pribadi, 2020. "Food Security Challenges in Rapidly Urbanizing Developing Countries: Insight from Indonesia," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(22), pages 1-1, November.
    12. Denis Hilton & Nicolas Treich & Gaetan Lazzara & Philippe Tendil, 2018. "Designing effective nudges that satisfy ethical constraints: the case of environmentally responsible behaviour," Mind & Society: Cognitive Studies in Economics and Social Sciences, Springer;Fondazione Rosselli, vol. 17(1), pages 27-38, November.
    13. Birisci, Esma & McGarvey, Ronald G., 2016. "Inferring shortfall costs and integrating environmental costs into optimal production levels for an all-you-care-to-eat food service operation," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 182(C), pages 157-164.
    14. Liu, Haiyan & Wahl, Thomas I. & Seale, James L. & Bai, Junfei, 2015. "Household composition, income, and food-away-from-home expenditure in urban China," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 97-103.
    15. Panpan Zhang & Dan Zhang & Shengkui Cheng, 2020. "The Effect of Consumer Perception on Food Waste Behavior of Urban Households in China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(14), pages 1-1, July.
    16. Andrej Cupak & Jan Pokrivcak & Marian Rizov, 2016. "Demand for Food Away from Home in Slovakia," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 66(4), pages 354-369, August.
    17. Jui-Che Tu & Yukari Nagai & Min-Chieh Shih, 2018. "Establishing Design Strategies and an Assessment Tool of Home Appliances to Promote Sustainable Behavior for the New Poor," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(5), pages 1-21, May.
    18. Massimo Canali & Pegah Amani & Lusine Aramyan & Manuela Gheoldus & Graham Moates & Karin Östergren & Kirsi Silvennoinen & Keith Waldron & Matteo Vittuari, 2016. "Food Waste Drivers in Europe, from Identification to Possible Interventions," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(1), pages 1-33, December.
    19. Marzena Tomaszewska & Beata Bilska & Agnieszka Tul-Krzyszczuk & Danuta Kołożyn-Krajewska, 2021. "Estimation of the Scale of Food Waste in Hotel Food Services—A Case Study," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(1), pages 1-1, January.
    20. Ren, Yanjun & Li, Hui & Wang, Xiaobing, 2019. "Family income and nutrition-related health: Evidence from food consumption in China," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 232(C), pages 58-76.

    More about this item


    Research Methods/ Statistical Methods;

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:iaae18:276951. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.